Using a uniform set of diagnostic criteria, the prevalence of previously undiagnosed, spontaneous, overt hypothyroidism in community-based studies has been estimated between 2-4/1000 total population world-wide Six studies were performed in Europe (Germany, Wales, and Spain), five in Asia (Iran, South Korea, Japan, and Singapore), one in North America (USA), and one in Africa (Ghana). The global prevalence, in patients of thyroid eye disease, was 10.36% for hypothyroidism, 7.9% for euthyroidism, and 86.2% for hyperthyroidism Primary hypothyroidism is up to 8-9 times more common in women than in men, and the prevalence increases with age, with a peak incidence between the ages of 30 and 50 years [2, 30] The prevalence of overt hyperthyroidism ranges from 0.2% to 1.3% in iodine-sufficient parts of the world 26, 27 (Table 2)
In developed countries, the incidence of subclinical hypothyroidism is approximately 8% in women and 3% in men. Endemic goiter usually occurs in environmentally iodine-deficient areas; throughout. W orld map showing global prevalence of hypothyroidism based on epidemiological samples. If multiple . studies have been done on the prevalence of hypothyroidism from one country, the median value. Prevalence and risk factors The prevalence of overt hypothyroidism in the general population varies between 0-3% and 3-7% in the USA and between 0-2% and 5-3% in Europe,4-8depending on the definition used Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid, is when the thyroid gland doesn't make enough thyroid hormones to meet your body's needs. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck. Thyroid hormones control the way your body uses energy, so they affect nearly every organ in your body, even the way your heart.
However, Hashimoto thyroiditis remains the most common cause of spontaneous hypothyroidism in areas of adequate iodine intake. The annual incidence of Hashimoto thyroiditis worldwide is estimated. Hypothyroidism is defined as failure of the thyroid gland to produce sufficient thyroid hormone to meet the metabolic demands of the body. Untreated hypothyroidism can contribute to hypertension. In the studies restricted to older persons, the reported prevalence of overt hypothyroidism has ranged between 0.2-5.7% and subclinical hypothyroidism between 1.5-12.5%. [ 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20] Some of the main prevalence studies are outlined in Table 1 Prevalence of hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism, which is the most common manifestation of iodine deficiency, is very common. The prevalence of Hypothyroidism in some areas reaches from 5-15% of the population. In North West Frontier Province of Pakistan, 70% of the rural and above 50% of the urban population is facing iodine deficiency disorders.
CONCLUSIONS The overall prevalence of hypothyroidism in young people less than 22 years of age is 0.135%, and in the group aged 11-18 years it is 0.113%; these values are at least twice those of previous estimates Hyperthyroidism is a condition of thyroid hormone excess and constitutes the second most frequent thyroid dysfunction after hypothyroidism, showing a five- to ten-fold lower prevalence .Although hyperthyroidism can have different causes, the most common ones include Graves' disease, toxic multinodular goiter, and toxic adenoma .Less common causes of hyperthyroidism encompass thyroiditis.
The prevalence of different types of thyroid disease varied between the studies. The study conducted in 2011 in Libya reported the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism as 2.3% (Ghawil et al., 2011), and prevalence of hypothyroidism was reported as 6.18% in Libya (Nouh et al., 2008) and 47.34% in Saud Arabi Epidemiology of Thyroid Disorders provides comprehensive, clinical knowledge to professionals dealing with thyroid disorders. The book focuses on the pathophysiology of thyroid disorders, the prevalence and incidence of various diseases, and their prevention. This focused analysis on thyroid disorders raises awareness of this global problem. IJSR - International Journal of Scientific Research for current issue. We have Published 9855+ Research Paper and 100+ Articles from over 100 Countries. 36572+ Manuscript submission
The prevalence of hyperthyroidism in women is between 0.5 and 2% and is ten times more common in women than in men. Epidemiological studies suggest that 1% of men and 5% of women have thyroid nodules detected clinically and that the frequency increases with age and in iodine-deficient populations. In iodine-replete areas, congenital. Worldwide. Worldwide, the prevalence of palpable thyroid nodule is approximately 5,000 per 100,000 in women and 1,000 per 100,000 in men living in iodine-sufficient parts of the world, and the prevalence of ultrasound detected thyroid nodules ranges from as low as 19,000 per 100,000 to as high as 68,000 per 100,000. Rac Relatively little prevalence data exist for autoimmune thyroid disease in areas of iodine deficiency (3).In iodine-replete areas, most people with thyroid disorders have autoimmune disease, ranging through primary atrophic hypothyroidism, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, to hyperthyroidism caused by Graves' disease Thyroid Disorders, Etiology and Prevalence: Alam Khan, M. Muzaffar Ali Khan and Shamim Akhtar: Abstract: The major disorders (problems) of thyroid gland are hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, which have been reported in over 110 countries of the world with 1.6 billion people at risk and need some form of iodine supplementation. Usually hyperthyroidism is termed as thyrotoxicosis, but all. the possible inﬂuence of age in the prevalence of global TD and in the prevalence of each of the TD subtypes (hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroxinaemia), we estimated three separate logistic regressions between age as a binary variable (<30 years or ≥30 years) and each binary outcome. Statistica
The prevalence of known thyroid disease (ascertained from baseline self‐reported thyroid medication use or hospitalization data) was 11.7% (189/1617). Of the remaining 1428 participants, 5.1% (73/1428) had biochemical evidence of subclinical hypothyroidism, 1.1% (15/1428) overt hypothyroidism, 0.1% (2/1428) subclinical hyperthyroidism and 0.2. Background:Diabetes has become a major health challenge worldwide.Various studies have found that diabetes and thyroid disorders mutually influence each other and both disorders tend to coexist. Objective: To find out the prevalence of thyroid disorders in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on 200 patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus aged.
Hypothyroidism is one of the most common endocrine disorders, with a greater burden of disease in women and the elderly. 1 A 20 year follow up survey in the United Kingdom found the annual incidence of primary hypothyroidism to be 3.5 per 1000 in women and 0.6 per 1000 in men. 2 A cross sectional Australian survey found the prevalence of overt hypothyroidism to be 5.4 per 1000. The net increase/year of various diseases in specific countries and old vs. new surveys of incidence/prevalence of various autoimmune diseases, are shown in Figure 3A and 3B, respectively. Figure 3A shows the total net increase of Old vs. New surveys of incidence/prevalence of various autoimmune diseases, (mean time interval RA 14.5, AT 13.5, Chron`s 11.5, IBD 11.0, IDDM 17.8, Celiac 16.8 and. BACKGROUND We have sought to establish the prevalence of goitre within a Pendred syndrome (PS) cohort and to document the course of thyroid disease in this patient group. As part of a genetic study of PS we have assessed 57 subjects by perchlorate discharge test and in 52 (M 21, F 31, age range 9-54 years) a discharge of radioiodide of >10% was observed
Thyroid cancer is responsible for 586,000 cases worldwide, ranking in 9th place for incidence in 2020. The global incidence rate in women of 10.1 per 100,000 is 3-fold higher than that in men (Table 3), and the disease represents one in every 20 cancers diagnosed among women (Fig. 4C). Mortality rates from the disease are much lower, with rates. . The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck. Thyroid hormones control the way the body uses energy, so they affect nearly every organ in your body, even the way your heart beats Hypothyroidism (also called underactive thyroid, low thyroid or hypothyreosis) is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. It can cause a number of symptoms, such as poor ability to tolerate cold, a feeling of tiredness, constipation, slow heart rate, depression, and weight gain. Occasionally there may be swelling of the front part. The death rate for thyroid cancer increased slightly from 2009 to 2018 (0.6% per year) but appears to have stabilized in recent years. Statistics on survival rates for thyroid cancer are discussed in Survival Rates for Thyroid Cancer. Thyroid cancer is commonly diagnosed at a younger age than most other adult cancers Background: The prevalence of goitrous swelling has reduced in Nigeria since the introduction of salt iodisation programme. Thyroid disorders are the second most common endocrine disorder after diabetes mellitus worldwide. They present to general outpatient, medical and surgical clinics accompanied by great anxiety and poor health-related quality of life
Hypothyroidism affects approximately 2 individuals in 100, its prevalence increasing with age. The signs and symptoms occur because there is a deficiency of thyroid hormone secretion and all metabolic processes in the body slow down
Congenital hypothyroidism can be caused by a variety of factors, only some of which are genetic. The most common cause worldwide is a shortage of iodine in the diet of the mother and the affected infant. Iodine is essential for the production of thyroid hormones. Genetic causes account for about 15 to 20 percent of cases of congenital. Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder resulting from deficiency of thyroid hormone. In community surveys, the prevalence of overt hypothyroidism varies from 0.1% to 2%. The prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism is higher, ranging from 4% to 10% of adults, with possibly a higher frequency in older women 46.1.1 Incidence. Thyroid dysfunction is the second most common endocrine condition (after diabetes mellitus) affecting women of reproductive age (Reid et al 2013). The incidence of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy is in the range of 0.1-0.4% (De Groot et al 2012). Studies in relatively iodine-sufficient populations estimate an incidence of 0.3. The prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism was 0.9 percent in Panshan, 2.9 percent in Zhangwu, and 6.1 percent in Huangha, and the prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis was 0.5, 1.7, and 2.8.
Thyroid diseases are one of the most prevalent endocrinopathies across the world. While the epidemiology of thyroid illness has been reviewed in Indian journals, the recently published eight-city study on prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and disease. brings thyroidology to center stage once again Hypothyroidism is a metabolic disorder, which results in slower rate of metabolism leading to life threatening medical conditions like diabetes and other complications. This study aims to analyze the prevalence of hypothyroidism and its co-morbidities in relation to the causes and risk factors in patients undergoing levothyroxine therapy and to know the adherence level of [ Autoimmune Thyroid disease (ATD) has a prevalence of 2% in the general population. Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the thyroid gland, follicular destruction, and subsequent hypothyroidism WHO Global Database on Iodine Deficiency. The database on iodine deficiency includes data by country based on goitre prevalence and/or urinary iodine. Database on Iodine Deficiency. Data by country based on goitre prevalence and/or urinary iodine. Iodine status worldwide. Report on global estimates of IDD
Global Thyroid Eye Disease (TED) Clinical Landscape Market Report 2021: Marketed and Pipeline Drugs, Trials, Key Events, Probability Of Success, 10-Year Disease Prevalence Forecast, Deals, Revenue. Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data. Lancet. 2006; 367:1747-1757. Crossref Medline Google Scholar; 29. Tunstall-Pedoel H, Chen R, Kramarz P. Prevalence of individuals with both raised blood pressure and raised cholesterol in WHO MONICA project population surveys 1989-1997 On a global scale, a staggering 200 million people have problems with their thyroid glands, with over 50 percent remaining undiagnosed. In the US alone, the instance of thyroid disease is running close to epidemic levels and equally as worrying is the number of un-diagnosed or mis-diagnosed cases These estimates suggest that all autoimmune diseases combined affect about 3% of the US population, thus approximately 10 million people. To put this estimate into perspective, look at the table below based on the current US population of 329 million. Disease. Prevalence as % of population. Prevalence as # of people Understanding the High Prevalence of Low-Prevalence Chronic Disease Combinations Abt Associates Inc. 1. Executive Summary pg. 2 . prevalence MCC population. Research methods need to be adapted and documented to help build the knowledge base about persons with MCC and lead to more valid, reliable findings. We need qualit
The increasing prevalence of lifestyle conditions conducive to the formation of thyroid disorders, such as obesity, has been a major driver for the prevalence of thyroid disorders around the world. The prevalence of MCC was lower in our study also than the prevalence (37.2%) in a study conducted in Yorkshire, England, between 2010 and 2012, among a population aged 24 or older (11). A study in Hong Kong in 2012 found a prevalence of MCC of 13.4%; this low rate may have been partly due to various levels of accessibility to health services. The prevalence of thyroid cancer is increasing worldwide. No previous data are available on the prevalence of thyroid cancer in Yemen. Worldwide, hypothyroidism affects 3.7% of the population, and is associated with impaired quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cognitive- behavioral therapy (CBT) on the quality of. Thyroid disorders were the most common endocrine abnormalities, seen in 21.6% of the infertile population who were screened for the same. Our results correlate with those of Verma et al. where they found the prevalence of hypothyroidism in infertile women to be 23.9%. Thus, all infertile women need to get a basic screen for hypothyroidism done Goitre size was graded according to the criteria recommended by WHO, UNICEF and the International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (grade 0, no goitre; grade 1, thyroid palpable but not visible; and grade 2, thyroid visible with neck in normal position) . 15 The combined prevalence of grade 1 and 2 goitre provided the.
Thyroid diseases are highly prevalent worldwide, and treatment varies based on the disorder. Levothyroxine is the mainstay of treatment for people with hypothyroidism, while people with hyperthyroidism caused by Graves' disease can be managed with iodine therapy, antithyroid medication, or surgical removal of the thyroid gland Thyroid carcinoma is a major cause of death among endocrine cancers . Thyroid cancer is a relatively rare neoplasm worldwide accounting for approximately 1.0 -5.0% of all cancers in females and less than 2.0% in males . The prevalence of thyroid carcinoma has been reported to range from 1.0% to 35.6% in different systematic autopsy series The Role of the Thyroid Gland. The thyroid gland synthesizes and secretes 2 hormones - T4 (Thyroxine) and T3 ( Triiodothyronine) 2. .These hormones may affect metabolism, body temperature, body weight, menstrual cycles, functioning of the lungs, heart and bowels. 3
The prevalence of hypothyroidism was 40.25% (n=62) and hyperthyroidism 0.6% (n=1) using the cutoff TSH level based on the guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease during pregnancy The Philippine Thyroid Diseases' latest study in 2012 showed that goiter has a prevalence rate of 10.12 percent among the adults. Meanwhile, the 2013 National Nutrition Survey showed that about 5.8 million Filipinos were afflicted with thyroid disorders, such as goiter, thyroid malignancy, mental deficiency, physical deformities, congenital hypothyroidism, cretinism, and reproductive failure Several studies on hypothyroidism reported from different regions worldwide estimate the hypothyroidism prevalence. The spontaneous hypothyroidism prevalence is ranging between 1% and 2%, and it is more prevalent among older females, according to many studies. The prevalence of this disease among females is ten times more than males  The informed prevalence's for the other alterations in thyroid profile were similar to the reported by other studies around the world [6,19,20]. In the case of subclinical hyperthyroidism, a prevalence of 1.3% was found, being 2,1 times more prevalent in women than in men
Only 50% Indians know there are diagnostic tests for detection of the disease. (Source: ThinkStock Images) Nearly 32 per cent of Indians are suffering from various kinds of thyroid disorders including thyroid nodules, hyperthyroidism, goiter, thyroiditis and thyroid cancer, says a report.. The report, published on thyroid panel test by global diagnostic chain SRL Diagnostics, revealed that sub. The prevalence of anemia in overt hypothyroidism group was 43% while 39% subjects with subclinical hypothyroidism were anemic. Compared to them, only 26% healthy controls had anemia. Scientists concluded the study explaining that anemia of chronic disease is the most widespread form of anemia in hypothyroid patients [iv] (see common types of. Thyroid dysgenesis affects 1 per 4000 newborns worldwide. Hypothalamic or pituitary insufficiency, which results in secondary or tertiary hypothyroidism, respectively, affects 1 per 60,000-140,000 newborns worldwide. Sakata S, Matsuda M, Ogawa T, et al. Prevalence of thyroid hormone autoantibodies in healthy subjects. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf. For metastatic anaplastic thyroid cancer, the rate is 3%. It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for people with thyroid cancer are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of people with this cancer in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years The most common age at onset of thyroid cancer worldwide was 15 to 49 years in female individuals compared with 50 to 69 years in male individuals (P<.05). Death from thyroid cancer was concentrated in participants aged 70 years or older and increased by years (average annual percentage change, 0.10; 95% CI, 0.01-0.21; P<.05) Then, the overall prevalence of hypothyroidism at the first evaluation was 17%and, as expected, it was significantly higher in females than males (33% vs 13%; p . 0.001). During follow-up (median 28 months) hypothyroidism occurred in further 19 patients (incidence rate: 26/1000/year) and it was mainly attributable to amiodarone therapy