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Bacteremia pathophysiology

Pathophysiology of Bacteremia Transient or sustained bacteremia can cause metastatic infection of the meninges or serous cavities, such as the pericardium or larger joints. Metastatic abscesses may occur almost anywhere. Multiple abscess formation is especially common with staphylococcal bacteremia Bacteremia develops when bacteria manage to escape the host immune mechanisms or when the otherwise well-orchestrated immune response fails to control bacterial spread due to inherent or acquired immune defects that are associated with susceptibility to infection Much of the pathophysiology of occult bacteremia is not fully understood. The presumed mechanism begins with bacterial colonization of the respiratory passages or other mucosal surface; bacteria..

Bacteremia is the presence of viable bacteria in the circulating blood. Most episodes of occult bacteremia spontaneously resolve, particularly those caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and.. Strictly speaking, bacteremia refers to the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream. Bacteria can sometimes enter your bloodstream due to things like cleaning your teeth or undergoing a minor.. Bacteremia can follow certain infections, such as abscesses of the skin or pneumonia, and is associated with particularly high-risk surgical procedures, especially in the digestive or urinary tract, that release bacteria from sequestered sites into the blood, which may carry infection to remote parts of the body Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of bacteremia, and S. aureus bacteremia is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, compared with bacteremia caused by other pathogens. The burden of S. aureus bacteremia, particularly methicillin-resistant S. aureus bacteremia, in terms of cost and resource use is high MSSA Bacteremia occurs when the MSSA bacteria enter your bloodstream. This is a serious infection that has a high risk of complications and death. Once it's in the bloodstream, the infection often..

Sepsis: definition, epidemiology, and diagnosis | The BMJ

Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: epidemiology, pathophysiology, and management strategies Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of bacteremia, and S. aureus bacteremia is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, compared with bacteremia caused by other pathogens Pathophysiology of Bacteremia WILLIAM R. MCCABE, M.D. THOMAS L. TREADWELL, M.D. ALFRED DE MARIA JR., M.D. Boston, Massachusetts From the Division of Infectious Diseases, De- partment of Medicine, The Maxwell Finland Lab- oratory for Infectious Diseases, Boston City Hos- pital, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts As the name suggests, bacteremia is a condition where viable bacteria are present in the bloodstream of an individual. Bacteremia can result either from surgical procedures, such as dental.. Bacteremia is the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream. Bacteremia may result from ordinary activities (such as vigorous toothbrushing), dental or medical procedures, or from infections (such as pneumonia or a urinary tract infection) Pathophysiology of Bacteremia: The bacteria which enter into the blood stream are often attacked by our immune system and cleared off. Those bacteria which escape this mechanism and the quantity which overwhelm the immune system, remains viable in the blood stream and cause bacteremia

Bacteremia can travel through the blood stream to distant sites in the body and cause infection (hematogenous spread). Hematogenous spread of bacteria is part of the pathophysiology of certain infections of the heart (endocarditis), structures around the brain (meningitis), and tuberculosis of the spine (Pott's disease) Bacteremia Pathophysiology The pathophysiology of bacteremia (occult) is still not completely understood. The perceived mechanism however begins with the colonization of bacteria in the respiratory passage and bacteria entering the blood of the child. This is caused due to organism specific characteristics Causes. Different varieties of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, commonly called staph, exist. Staph bacteria are normally found on the skin or in the nose of about one-third of the population. The bacteria are generally harmless unless they enter the body through a cut or other wound, and even then they usually cause only minor skin problems. Causes. Bacteremia typically starts with a small, localized infection, such as an infected incision, a urinary tract infection or another type of infection. 1  Sometimes the individual doesn't even know where the infection was in the early stages, as they didn't notice any signs or symptoms of infection while the infection was in one.

Bacteremia - Infectious Diseases - Merck Manuals

Bacterial causes are categorized by clinical presentation, anatomic location, and causative organisms into the categories of pyomyositis, psoas abscess, Staphylococcus aureus myositis, group A streptococcal necrotizing myositis, group B streptococcal myositis, clostridial gas gangrene, and nonclostridial myositis Bacteremia Definition Bacteremia is an invasion of the bloodstream by bacteria. Description Bacteremia occurs when bacteria enter the bloodstream. This may occur through a wound or infection, or through a surgical procedure or injection. Bacteremia may cause no symptoms and resolve without treatment, or it may produce fever and other symptoms of. Bacterial Meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is very serious and can be deadly. Death can occur in as little as a few hours. Most people recover from meningitis. However, permanent disabilities (such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities) can result from the infection. Several types of bacteria can cause meningitis

Pneumonia is a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection of the lungs that causes the air sacs, or alveoli, of the lungs to fill up with fluid or pus. Learn about causes, risk factors, prevention, signs and symptoms, complications, diagnosis, and treatments for pneumonia, and how to participate in clinical trials Summary. Strep is short for Streptococcus, a type of bacteria. There are several types. Two of them cause most of the strep infections in people: group A and group B. Strep throat - a sore, red throat. Your tonsils may be swollen and have white spots on them. Scarlet fever - an illness that follows strep throat. It causes a red rash on the body Treatment. Causes. Prevention. Typhoid is a bacterial infection that can lead to a high fever, diarrhea, and vomiting. It can be fatal. It is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. The infection.

The complex pathogenesis of bacteremi

  1. g certain food and drink.
  2. Bacterial and viral infections can cause similar symptoms such as coughing and sneezing, fever, inflammation, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and cramping -- all of which are ways the immune system.
  3. )
  4. Bacterial Skin Infections. Bacterial skin infections are usually caused by gram-positive strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus or other organisms. Common bacterial skin infections include: Cellulitis causes a painful, red infection that is usually warm to the touch. Cellulitis occurs most often on the legs, but it can appear anywhere on the body
  5. Prostatitis - bacterial. Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland. This problem can be caused by an infection with bacteria. However, this is not a common cause. Acute prostatitis starts quickly. Long-term (chronic) prostatitis lasts for 3 months or more. Ongoing irritation of the prostate that is not caused by bacteria is called.

Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual Bacterial pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria. Your lungs become inflamed and cannot work well. Bacterial pneumonia germs are easily spread when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or has close contact with others

Common causes of meningitis include S pneumoniae and N meningitidis. S aureus is a common cause of skin infections, and S pneumonia is frequently the cause of bacterial rhinosinusitis and otitis media. Other causes of sepsis in the pediatric population include E coli, S agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus), Klebsiella, and Enterobacter. Sepsis in. Abstract. No bacterial disease has undergone a more dramatic change in epidemiology during the past decade than acute bacterial meningitis. This review describes the changing epidemiology and considers some important recent observations that contribute to our understanding of the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of meningitis What causes bacterial meningitis? Bacteria or a virus can cause meningitis. Viral meningitis is more common, but bacterial meningitis is more serious. It can lead to brain damage, paralysis, or stroke. In some cases, it can be fatal. Many different types of bacteria can cause meningitis. Vaccines are available that target many of these bacteria

Common bacterial causes of sepsis are gram-negative bacilli (for example, E. coli, P. aeruginosa, E. corrodens, and Haemophilus influenzae in neonates). Other bacteria also causing sepsis are S. aureus, Streptococcus species, Enterococcus species and Neisseria; however, there are large numbers of bacterial genera that have been known to cause. Infective endocarditis is an infection of the inner surface of the heart, usually the valves. Signs and symptoms may include fever, small areas of bleeding into the skin, heart murmur, feeling tired, and low red blood cell count. Complications may include backward blood flow in the heart, heart failure - the heart struggling to pump a sufficient amount of blood to meet the body's needs.

Understanding Colloquial laboratory workhorse: Escherichia

What is the pathophysiology of bacteremia? - Medscap

Bacterial folliculitis is the most common form of folliculitis. What causes bacterial folliculitis? Bacterial folliculitis is usually due to Staphylococcus aureus. Less often, coagulase-negative staphylococci and gram-negative organisms are responsible including anaerobes. Spa pool folliculitis is caused by Pseudomonas Meningitis is an infection of the membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can be caused by a bacterial, fungal or viral infection. Meningitis can be acute, with a quick onset of symptoms, it can be chronic, lasting a month or more, or it can be mild or aseptic The pathogenesis and pathophysiology of bacterial meningitis involve a complex interplay between virulence factors of the pathogens and the host immune response [ 4,5 ]. Much of the damage from this infection is believed to result from cytokines released within the CSF as the host mounts an inflammatory response Bacterial meningitis is a serious disease that can lead to paralysis, stroke, and even death. Read more on how to treat and prevent it

Bacteremia - Infectious Diseases - MSD Manual Professional

Bacteremia: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiolog

  1. Bacterial Infection symptoms, causes and treatment There are many types of bacteria present in our environment. Some of them hide in different parts of our body like the mouth. Due to this. bacterial infection happens to everyone, and it can happen naturally. You can get exposed to bacteria in man
  2. al pain and some other displeasing symptoms
  3. Blepharitis. Blepharitis is the inflammation that is caused by the lids of the eyes. This is the skin fold that covers your eyes. You need to know that this is the inflammation that is caused by the bacteria, and it is caused when the oil glands of the eyelid skin get clogged at the base of the eyelashes. There are a lot of causes of blepharitis
  4. Endocarditis, also called infective endocarditis, is an infection and inflammation of the heart valves and the inner lining of the heart chambers, which is called the endocardium. Endocarditis occurs when infectious organisms, such as bacteria or fungi, enter the bloodstream and settle in the heart. In most cases, these organisms are.

Bacteremia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

  1. Causes. Pneumonia is caused by a number of infectious agents, including viruses, bacteria and fungi. The most common are: Streptococcus pneumoniae - the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in children; Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) - the second most common cause of bacterial pneumonia
  2. Empiric antimicrobial therapy for bacteremia: get it right from the start or get a call from infectious disease. Clin Infect Dis . 2004 Oct 15. 39(8):1170-3. [Medline]
  3. Here are five of the most common bacterial skin infections and what causes them: Staph. Staph infections typically begin with a small cut, wound or even a fresh tattoo that gets infected with bacteria but can also occur when there is no visible break in the skin. The infection generally starts as an area of redness or swelling around the cut or.
  4. List Websites about Bacterial Gastroenteritis Causes Symptoms. Popular Search. bacterial gastroenteritis causes symptoms in adults; gastroenteritis treatmen
  5. Minor bacterial infections may resolve without treatment. However, persistent and serious bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics . These are available for localised topical use ( creams , gels, solutions ), such as antibiotics for acne , or as systemic treatment as tablets, capsules and intramuscular or intravenous injections
  6. Causes of Bacterial infection in stomach: A stomach infection can be brought about by numerous bacteria; Yersinia: This is a type of bacteria that is found in pork and pork products. Staphylococcus: This is a form of bacteria that is found in dairy products such as milk, cheese, yoghurt and butter. It can also be found in meat such as beef and.
  7. ated by certain germs. Bacterial meningitis is an infection of the tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Learn more about the signs of bacterial meningitis, what causes bacterial meningitis, when to see a doctor, and how to treat bacterial meningitis

Bacteremia pathology Britannic

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a vaginal infection caused by an overgrowth of certain bacteria. The vagina normally harbors a balance of different bacteria. In most cases of BV, the growth of Gardnerella vaginalis (harmful bacteria) in the vagina causes a decrease in the Lactobacillus (healthy bacteria) population Pathophysiology. Pathogenesis of bacterial meningitis is a complex process which may occur due to imbalance between the host immune response and virulence factors of pathogen causing infection. Following steps may explain the underlying process in a comprehensive way: Transmissio Bacterial pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung usually caused by bacterial or viral infection but can be caused by inhalation of an irritant. Typical signs of bacterial pneumonia include fever, difficulty breathing, lethargy and coughing. As these can also be caused by other disease, diagnostics include a full physical exam, blood work, radiographs, and may also require bronchoscopy with. Bacterial Wilt Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Bacterial Wilt. The wilting disease is manifested by wilting the leaves and stems of affected plants. It causes the sudden stop of sap circulation in the vessels of diseased plants because of several possible species of pathogenic bacteria Bacterial vaginosis is a very common vaginal infection. Learn about the causes, symptoms, risk factors, and treatments, plus how to get rid of BV in one day

Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia: Epidemiology

Neonatal sepsis ppp

MSSA Bacteremia: What Is it, What Causes it, and How Is it

The finding may lead to better treatments for painful bacterial infections. A tooth abscess, urinary tract infection, or other type of bacterial infection can cause intense pain. The pain is often accompanied by inflammation, which is produced by the immune system's attack on the bacteria. It's been thought that pain stems from immune cells. Gastroenteritis is inflammation in the digestive tract, including the stomach and the small and large intestines. When it's caused by a type of bacteria, it's called bacterial gastroenteritis Bacterial infections are the most common cause of sepsis. Worldwide, one-third of people who develop sepsis die. Many who do survive are left with life-changing effects, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), chronic pain and fatigue, organ dysfunction (organs don't work properly), and/or amputations to the blood—a condition known as bacteremia—spread rapidly to other organs, and cause life-threatening sepsis or septic shock. Causes and Risk Factors Dozens of types of bacteria can cause pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia is caused by an infection of the lungs and may present as a primary disease or as secondary disease in

Disease Cycle - Anna and Maddie's Pneumonia Adventure

Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: epidemiology

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Pathophysiology of bacteremia - ScienceDirec

  1. Bacterial diseases are contagious and can result in many serious or life-threatening complications, such as blood poisoning (bacteremia), kidney failure, and toxic shock syndrome. Seek prompt medical care if you suspect that you have a bacterial disease
  2. A wound bed that is too wet can cause maceration, encourage bacterial growth, and also delay wound healing. Wound specialists should focus on moist wound healing, infection prevention or resolution, a healthy wound bed with removal of non-viable tissue (i.e., slough, eschar), management of drainage, and mitigation of other negative causes that.
  3. ated food and water. Having sexual contact with an infected person. Sharing conta
  4. Introduction. Acute bacterial sinusitis is a common complication of viral upper respiratory infection (URI) or allergic inflammation. Using stringent criteria to define acute sinusitis, it has been observed that between 6% and 7% of children seeking care for respiratory symptoms has an illness consistent with this definition. 1 - 4 This clinical practice guideline is a revision of the.
  5. pain in your back, side, or groin. nausea. vomiting. cloudy, dark, bloody, or foul-smelling urine. frequent, painful urination. Symptoms of a kidney infection may include chills; fever; and frequent, painful urination. A child younger than 2 years old with a kidney infection may only have a high fever. An adult older than age 65 with a kidney.
  6. The most common symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are pain in your abdomen, often related to your bowel movements, and changes in your bowel movements. These changes may be diarrhea, constipation, or both, depending on what type of IBS you have. . IBS can be painful but doesn't lead to other health problems or damage your digestive.

Bacteremia - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Bacterial infections are caused by bacteria, while viral infections are caused by viruses. That's the easy part. Differentiating between the two requires medical intervention since both may cause fever and irritability. And the treatments vary significantly. Pediatrician Betty Staples, MD, offers advice on how to tell the difference between. Bacterial meningitis is an infection of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. It causes headache, stiff neck, and high fever What Is Oral Bacterial Infection - Causes. Oral bacterial infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other lesions in the oral cavity. Furthermore, they can result from other factors such as improper braces, improper dentures, sharp edges from broken teeth, or fillings. Some other common causes include nutritional deficiencies.

Bacteremia - Infections - Merck Manuals Consumer Versio

Going on with our discussion on bacterial Intestinal infections, the second common culprit is shigella bacteria. It is a highly contagious infection i.e. intestinal bacterial infection contagious that commonly affects children aged 2-4 years although it can affect anyone Empyema in children is a relatively uncommon disease that occurs in 0.7% of children with pneumonia ().Many organisms cause empyema in children; Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common (2-6).Other important causes, which are becoming increasingly frequent in several countries, are methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) (2,7,8) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) Causes of bacterial pneumonia. The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is due to Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. This type of pneumonia generally occurs after an illness such as cold or flu. The weakened immune system, respiratory distress, and other illness are the risk factors associated with bacterial pneumonia Clinical signs of bacterial pneumonia are often preceded by signs of viral infection of the respiratory tract. With the onset of bacterial pneumonia, clinical signs increase in severity and are characterized by depression and toxemia. A combination of clinical signs of depression and fever (104°-106°F [40°-41°C]), without any signs.

What is Bacteremia ? Definition, Vs Sepsis, Symptoms

  1. This causes the feeling of being short of breath (dyspnea), which is one of the most common symptoms of pneumonia. Inflammation is the body's attempt to destroy infection, and causes many of the other symptoms of bacterial pneumonia, including fever and chest pain
  2. Sepsis, systemic inflammatory condition that occurs as a complication of infection and in severe cases may be associated with acute and life-threatening organ dysfunction. Sepsis is a common cause of illness and mortality in hospitals. Learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatment of sepsis
  3. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2011 Jun;156(2):131-6. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2010 May;107(21):361-7. Urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to a symptomatic bacterial infection within the urinary tract.This includes a lower urinary tract infection - cystitis (symptomatic infection of the bladder), or an upper urinary tract infection - acute pyelonephritis (symptomatic infection of the kidney)
  4. Doctors give the real talk on what bacterial vaginosis (BV) is, bacterial vaginosis symptoms (including what BV discharge might look like), causes, and treatment, and what you can do to prevent it in the future
  5. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common infection caused by a certain bacteria in the vagina. It is easily treated, but in pregnant women, BV may increase your risk for premature birth. Learn about the causes and symptoms of BV

Strep and Staph commonly cause cellulitis. First identified by researchers in the 1880s, Staph is not only one of the designated the bacteria which causes cellulitis infection but can develop into bacterial pneumonia circulating within the bloodstream which is highly dangerous. In the 1950s, the Staphylococcus Aureus bacterium developed. Bacterial pneumonia causes the alveoli, the tiny air sacs in the lungs, to become inflamed and filled with fluid. Legionella pneumophila also causes a serious and potentially fatal condition, legionellosis or Legionnaire's disease.Mycoplasma pneumoniae causes one of the less severe forms of stypical pneumonia and typically affects young people Chlamydia, a bacterial infection especially prevalent in people under 25, and gonorrhea, another bacterial infection that shows up a lot in that age range, are other common causes, Dweck says

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Bloodstream infections - Wikipedi

Causes of Bacterial Wilt on Cucumbers . Bacterial wilt is caused by the bacterium Erwinia tracheiphila, which is spread when the striped cucumber beetle or the spotted cucumber beetle feeds on the plant's leaves. The bacteria can overwinter in the beetle's digestive system or the insects may pick it up while feeding elsewhere There can be several causes behind each of these bacterial infections in babies. Causes Of Bacterial Infection In Babies 1. Group B streptococcal diseases. Group B streptococcus (GBS) bacteria are commonly found in the digestive tract, urinary tract, and genital areas of adults . About one in four pregnant women has GBS in their rectum or vagina What causes Bacterial Vaginosis? Bacterial vaginosis — usually called BV — is a bacterial infection. It happens when the different kinds of healthy bacteria in your vagina get out of balance and grow too much. BV is often caused by gardnerella vaginalis, the most common type of bacteria in your vagina Bacterial leaf spot on plants will discolor, and in extreme cases, kill leaves. Tiny, microscopic, single celled organisms are what causes bacterial leaf spot. There are several methods on how to treat bacterial leaf spot and save your plant's glorious leaves. Early identification is crucial to effective management of bacterial leaf spot disease She says her team's findings are a universal hypothesis of pathogenesis, fully explaining the causes of Alzheimer's disease. But Vissel warns that Alzheimer's is a complex disease.

Bacteremia Current Health Advice, Health Blog Articles

SIBO, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, is defined as an increase in the number of bacteria, and/or changes in the types of bacteria present in the small bowel. In most patients, SIBO is not caused by a single type of bacteria, but is an overgrowth of the various types of bacteria that should normally be found in the colon ( 1 ) Bacterial Sinus Infection: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis Bacterial Sinus Infection: Causes. Sinus infections are caused by bacteria that infect the lining of your nasal cavity. Often, the bacteria Streptococcus pneumonia, known as strep throat, can be the cause. Or it may be caused by the bacteria Haemophilus influenzae, which, despite its. And the bacterial pneumonia was caused by wait for it, wait for it wearing masks. While not clearly stated, the meme suggests Fauci conclusively identifies masks as the unwitting culprits, rather than preventers, of an unobserved bacterial pneumonia pandemic. And Dr. Anthony Fauci knows this, because he wrote about it in. Causes. Causes of bacterial infection in a cat's lungs may vary -- no single bacterium is responsible for this condition. In cats, the bacterial organisms Bordetella bronchiseptica, Pasteurella, and Moraxella are most frequently reported in cases of bacterial pneumonia. Although, cats seem less likely to contract bacterial pneumonia than dogs Absent the secondary bacterial infections, many patients might have survived, experts at the time believed. Indeed, the availability of antibiotics during the other influenza pandemics of the 20th century, specifically those of 1957 and 1968, was probably a key factor in the lower number of worldwide deaths during those outbreaks, notes Dr. Morens

MRSA infection - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Causes of Acute Bacterial Bronchitis Bacterial infection of bronchi and lung can occur due to bacterium such as clamydia pneumonia, mycoplasma pneumoniae, streptococcus pneumoniae 1 , haemophilus influenzae 1 , and bordetella pertussis (whooping cough), especially in children bacterial meningitis: [ men″in-ji´tis ] (pl. meningi´tides ) inflammation of the meninges , usually by either a bacterium (bacterial m.) or a virus (viral m.). When it affects the dura mater it is termed pachymeningitis ; when the arachnoid and pia mater are involved, it is called leptomeningitis . The term meningitis does not refer to a. A Bacterial Protein That Causes Nausea. The bacterium Campylobacter is thought to cause more cases of food poisoning than any other microbial pathogen. Scientists have now identified a bacterial protein called CiaD that's produced by Campylobacter; it helps the microbe get into cells and hijack critical processes Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences Research Article The Antimicrobial Potential of Selenium Nanoparticles Singly and in Combination with Cinnamon Oil Against Fungal and Bacterial Causes of Diarrhea in Buffaloes Atef A. Hassan*, Mareim H. Yousif, Hanaa M. M. Abd-Elkhaliq, Ahlam K. A. Wahba, Ahmed M.a. El-Hamaky Microbiology-Animal Health Research Institute (AHRI), Agriculture Research. Bacterial cystitis and Interstitial cystitis are easily confused so it is important to understand the differences and seek the correct medical diagnosis. What Is Bacterial Cystitis? Bacterial cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder caused by an infection that has developed either from external sources or within the urine itself