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Brucellosis in human

Brucellosis is a bacterial disease caused by various Brucella species, which mainly infect cattle, swine, goats, sheep and dogs. Humans generally acquire the disease through direct contact with infected animals, by eating or drinking contaminated animal products or by inhaling airborne agents Before treatment begins, a diagnosis of brucellosis infection must be made by a doctor. Tests will be performed to look for bacteria in samples of blood, bone marrow, or other body fluids. In addition, a blood test can be performed to detect antibodies against the bacteria. Once a diagnosis is made, a doctor can prescribe antibiotics Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. People can get the disease when they are in contact with infected animals or animal products contaminated with the bacteria. Animals that are most commonly infected include sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, and dogs, among others Despite advances in the control of the disease in animals, brucellosis is a zoonosis with important economic impact in the United States. It is estimated that cases of brucellosis in humans are underdiagnosed and underreported and that the disease continues to be a major human health hazard. Nine ac Brucellosis In Humans- Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment Brucellosis is a bacterial infection. Patients with brucellosis are presented with fever, headache, joint pain, and loss of appetite. It is caused by eating undercooked meat of infected animals, inhaling contaminated air, and coming in contact with infectious fluid while having open wounds

Brucellosis - WH

Brucellosis (human) General introduction Brucellosis is a widespread zoonosis mainly transmitted from cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and camels through direct contact with blood, placenta, fetuses or uterine secretions, or through consumption of contaminated raw animal products (especially unpasteurized milk and soft cheese) Brucellosis is a disease caused by a group of bacteria from the genus Brucella. These bacteria can infect both humans and animals. Brucellosis is often spread when people eat contaminated food,.. Brucellosis in humans is usually associated with consumption of unpasteurized milk and soft cheeses made from the milk of infected animals—primarily goats, infected with B. melitensis and with occupational exposure of laboratory workers, veterinarians, and slaughterhouse workers. Some vaccines used in livestock, most notably B. abortus strain 19, also cause disease in humans if accidentally.

In humans, a brucellosis infection can cause flu-like symptoms including night sweats, headaches, fever, joint pain, and back pain, according to a fact sheet from the University of Iowa's Center.. Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection (meaning the disease occurs mainly in animals but is occasionally transferred to humans). Brucellosis has been known by various names such as Mediterranean fever, Malta fever, undulant fever, Crimean fever, Bang's disease, and gastric remittent fever Human cases of brucellosis are uncommon, with only 100 to 200 cases a year reported in the U.S. Although brucellosis can make you very sick, it is rarely fatal. How do people get brucellosis? People can be infected with brucellosis bacteria by. eating or drinking something that's been contaminated with the bacteri Inhalation: Brucella becomes airborne easily and people who are involved with animals gets this disease easily like farmers, laboratory technicians etc. Direct Contact: This bacterium can also infect the humans through direct contact with an infected animal through cuts and bruises. Normal touching or playing with the animal does not cause this disease; hence, Brucellosis is rarely caused from. Doctors usually confirm a diagnosis of brucellosis by testing blood or bone marrow for the brucella bacteria or by testing blood for antibodies to the bacteria. To help detect complications of brucellosis, your doctor may order additional tests, including

Treatment Brucellosis CD

  1. Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by one of several species of bacteria from the Brucella genus.. It is a zoonotic illness, meaning that it can spread from animals to humans
  2. 21. How common is human brucellosis in this country? Fortunately, the combination of pasteurization of milk and progress in the eradication of the disease in livestock has resulted in substantially fewer human cases than in the past. Ninety eight cases of human brucellosis were reported in 1997, a fraction of the 6,400 cases reported in 1947
  3. ated animal products. Humans can contract the disease by eating or drinking food or liquids conta
  4. Brucellosis is a zoonosis highly infectious for humans causing a disease often called undulant fever or Malta fever, since it was fi rst recognised in Malta during the 1850s. Symptoms in humans include intermittent or irregular fever, headache, weakness, profuse sweating, chills, weight loss and general aching
  5. Worldwide, brucellosis remains a major source of disease in humans and domesticated animals. Although reported incidence and preva lence of the disease vary widely from country to country, bovine brucellosis caused mainly by B. abortus is still the most widespread form (Tables 1-5). In humans, ovine/caprine brucellosis caused by B

CDC - Home - Brucellosi

  1. Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by a genus of bacteria known as Brucella. These bacteria are primarily passed among animals, and they cause disea..
  2. Human infection is characterized by an acute or chronic debilitating illness characterized by fever, joint pains, night sweats, fatigue, headache, and weight loss persisting for weeks to months . There are scarce data on incidence of human brucellosis in Africa, with typically only subnational data available from a few countries
  3. Brucellosis is usually diagnosed using a blood test. The infection is treated with a course of antibiotics for at least 6 weeks. It's important to finish your course even if you start to feel better. You should make a full recovery, and the infection is unlikely to return
  4. Brucellosis is a zoonosis caused by intracellular bacteria of the genus Brucella ().The disease is widespread in many countries of the Mediterranean basin, and together with hydatidosis, trichinellosis, and leishmaniasis, it is considered to be a typical Mediterranean zoonosis ().Human brucellosis is a multisystem disease whose patients present with nonspecific symptoms and a high risk of.
  5. Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonosis with a high degree of morbidity in humans. The disease may be overlooked and misdiagnosed because of the difficult diagnosis and the absence and lack of.

Human brucellosis - PubMe

Brucellosis In Humans- Symptoms, Causes, And Treatmen

Human brucellosis is a neglected and zoonotic disease also known as Malta fever or undulant fever.A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis and to access the role of risk factors associated with this disease in humans of Punjab, Pakistan.A total of 250 serum samples were collected and subjected to Rose Bengal Plate Test and Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent. The results of seven serologic tests for diagnosis of human brucellosis were evaluated. The titrated Rose Bengal test, microagglutination test, microtiter-adapted Coombs test, and immunocapture-agglutination test (Brucellacapt) were positive for all sera from patients with acute brucellosis. The immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA commercial enzyme immunoassays (ELISAs) failed to show. Brucellosis is a bacterial zoonotic disease that affects many animal species and can be transmitted to humans via direct contact or via contaminated food. Although brucellosis is a serious health hazard, its public health concern has been neglected in many countries. In some developing countries, such as Pakistan, where brucellosis is endemic, this disease continues to be of importance Brucellosis is a contagious, infectious, and communicable disease, primarily affecting cattle, bison, and swine, and is caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella.Brucella abortus (B. abortus) primarily affects bovine species; however, goats, sheep, and horses are also susceptible.B. suis primarily affects porcine species; and a third strain, B. melitensis, primarily affects goats and sheep Brucellosis is a classical zoonotic disease transmitted to humans from infected animal reservoirs. Human brucellosis may be caused by one of four species: B. melitensis from goats, sheep and camels; B. abortus from cattle; B. suis from hogs and B. canis from dogs. Brucella melitensis is the most common cause of human brucellosis. Brucella.

Brucellosis in Humans: Symptoms, Treatment, Cause & Tes

Humans are the accidental host. According to WHO, Brucellosis is an important human disease in many parts of the world especially in the Mediterranean countries of Europe, north and east Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and America. Main symptoms of Brucellosis is recurrent bouts of high temperature Bacteria of the genus Brucella cause brucellosis, one of the world's neglected zoonotic diseases. It is a disease of poverty; infections of livestock have a huge socioeconomic cost while human brucellosis starts as a debilitating acute infection that can be come chronic with many complications Brucellosis is a bacterial disease that mainly infects cattle, swine, goats, sheep and dogs. Humans can get infected if they come in direct contact with infected animals or by eating or drinking contaminated animal products or by inhaling airborne agents. According to the WHO, most cases of the disease are caused by ingesting unpasteurised milk. Public Health Implications of Brucella canis Infections in Humans Summary Findings and Recommendations of the Brucella canis Workgroup*, March 2012 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians I. Introduction Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease, resulting in 100-200 human cases reported annually in the USA

Brucellosis is listed as one of the seven neglected endemic zoonoses, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) [].It is estimated that approximately 3.5 billion people in the world carry the permanent risk of acquiring brucellosis [].Brucellosis is a disease that impacts human and animal health and, in turn, economic development in the afflicted regions Brucellosis (also known as 'undulant fever,' 'Mediterranean fever,' or 'Malta fever') is a zoonotic infection transmitted to humans from infected animals (cattle, sheep, goats, camels, pigs, or other animals) by ingestion of food products (such as unpasteurized dairy products) or by contact with tissue or fluids Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the bacterial genus Brucella. The bacteria are transmitted from animals to humans by ingestion through infected food products, direct contact with an infected animal, or inhalation of aerosols Brucellosis is an infection that can be transmitted to humans from some animals such as cows, sheep, goats and pigs. While this disease is common in many parts of the world, it is rare in Australia. Cases in NSW usually result from contact with feral pigs or from consuming unpasteurized dairy products while overseas

Human brucellosis caused by B. melitensis was first known as Malta fever (though it has an abundance of other names, such as Mediterranean fever, Corps disease, undulant fever, and Cyprus fever, to name a few), an illness characterized by fatigue and back pain in addition to elevated body temperatures Brucellosis is a bacterial infection affecting primarily cattle, buffalo, pigs, sheep, goats, camels and dogs, and occasionally horses. People can catch the disease from animals. Brucellae may enter the body through mucousmembranes, conjunctivae, wounds, or intact skin in both humans and animals. There are many other infectious abortions Human Health Concerns: Brucellosis is a high risk disease. You should not drink uncooked or unprocessed milk or milk products. See the section on Mastitis for milk processing procedures. Do not handle or assist in the birth process of infected animals without protecting your hands and arms with rubber or plastic gloves

Brucellosis pathophysiology - wikidoc

Human brucellosis The BM

  1. Human brucellosis is a reportable disease in Palestine. The PMoH provides diagnosis and treatment for patients through primary health-care units distributed within all governorates. There were no changes in the reporting system for human brucellosis in Palestine over the time period; hence, all human cases were included in our study
  2. Brucellosis, also known as undulant fever, undulating fever, or Malta fever, is a zoonosis (infectious disease transmitted from animals to humans) caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. It is generally a disease of domestic animals (goats, pigs, cattle, dogs, etc) and humans and has a worldwide distribution, mostly now in developing countries
  3. Brucellosis: a human brucellosis. PLoS One 7: e32090. re-emerging zoonosis. Vet Microbiol 140: 392-398. 8. Bayindir Y, Sonmez E, Aladag A, Buyukberber N, 2003. 15. Eales KM, Norton RE, Ketheesan N, 2010. Brucellosis in northern Comparison of five antimicrobial regimens for the treatment Australia. Am J Trop Med Hyg 83: 876-878
  4. Brucellosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease caused by several species in the genus Brucella. Reproductive losses are the most common syndrome in animals, while humans may suffer from a debilitating nonspecific illness or localized involvement of various organs. Each species of Brucella tends to be associated with a specific host
  5. Brucellosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease caused by several species in the genus Brucella. Reproductive losses are the most common syndrome in animals, while people may suffer from a debilitating nonspecific illness or localized involvement of B. melitensis is the most common species of Brucella in human illnesses, with some estimates.
  6. Brucellosis is a neglected zoonosis. It causes acute febrile illness and a potentially debilitating chronic infection in humans, and livestock infection has substantial socioeconomic impact

Brucellosis: Symptoms and Treatment - WebM

The key sources of human brucellosis are the major food-producing animals: cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and cow [46]. The possible means of acquisition of brucellosis in human include: person-to-person transmission, occupational exposure usually resulting from direct contact with infected animals, and food-. INTRODUCTION. Brucellosis (also known as undulant fever, Mediterranean fever, or Malta fever) is a zoonotic infection transmitted to humans from infected animals (cattle, sheep, goats, camels, pigs, or other animals) by ingestion of food products (such as unpasteurized dairy products) or by contact with tissue or fluids Brucellosis is an illness caused by infection with a type of bacteria ( Brucella) that is spread to humans from infected animals including feral pigs, dogs, cattle, goats, sheep and camels. It occurs worldwide but is uncommon in Australia. Signs and Symptoms: Brucellosis may come on suddenly or quite gradually Human brucellosis (HB) remains a serious public health concern owing to its resurgence across the globe and specifically in China. The timely detection of this disease is the key to its prevention and control. We sought to describe the differences in the demographics of high-risk populations with detected cases of HB contracted from active versus passive sources

Brucellosis in dogs occurs worldwide , but many countries, regardless of their resource level, lack a cohesive plan to respond to cases of this infection in humans or dogs. Brucellosis in humans is notifiable in all 57 states and territories of the United States brucellosis, also called Malta fever, Mediterranean fever, or undulant fever, infectious disease of humans and domestic animals characterized by an insidious onset of fever, chills, sweats, weakness, pains, and aches, all of which resolve within three to six months.The disease is named after the British army physician David Bruce, who in 1887 first isolated and identified the causative. Brucellosis is a natural epidemic zoonotic disease. Liaoning province, north‐east of China, has been among the top 10 provinces with highest brucellosis incidence. In this study, the spatial and temporal distribution of brucellosis in Liaoning Province from 2006 through 2017 was analysed using the Bayesian theory of space-time modelling

RACGP - Brucellosis

Brucellosis in Human: Overview, Symptoms, Diagnosis

Laboratory Diagnosis of Human Brucellosi

Brucellosis is a bacterial disease caused by the Brucella bacteria. Brucella usually infects animals but can spread to humans. Animal species most commonly infected with brucellosis include sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, camels, and dogs. In humans, it can cause symptoms of fever, headache, and fatigue among others Brucellosis. Brucellosis is a bacterial disease caused by the Brucella bacteria. Brucella usually infects animals but can spread to humans. Animal species most commonly infected with brucellosis include sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, camels, and dogs. In humans, it can cause symptoms of fever, headache, and fatigue among others Brucellosis is a disease caused by the bacterium Brucella that affects many types of animals, including sheep, goats, cattle, deer, elk, pigs, and dogs. People can become infected after coming into contact with infected animals or consuming unpasteurized (raw) milk or cheese Brucellosis in humans is a zoonosis of greatly varied clinical image. It occurs on all inhabited continents. The course of the disease may be acute, sub-acute or chronic. The etiologic factors of brucellosis are small, aerobic Gram-negative rods of the genus Brucella , which currently contains.. Human brucellosis is a disease with low mortality rates and good response to different therapeutic regimens. Most cases occur in developing countries with limited resources. This fact has led some authors to consider the use of more simple and inexpensive therapeutic regimens based on monotherapy

Brucellosis remains a common disease in many developing countries . The main modes of Brucella transmission are considered to be dietary, from the consumption of contaminated dairy products, and occupational, from exposure to infected livestock. Brucellosis causes a high incidence of clinically evident orchido-epididimitis in humans Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease - a disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans. Humans can become infected through contact with an infected animal, infected food, or inhalation The seroprevalence of human brucellosis was estimated at 44% in Marsabit County, which was higher compared to 5.7% estimated in Kiambu County [] and relatively significant compared to 32% Kajiado County where nomadic pastoralism is also practiced.Kiambu County´s livestock production system is zero-grazing implying that there is minimal contact of animals between herds and thus the risk of. Human brucellosis is one of the world's most widespread zoonotic diseases. The disease is caused mainly by Brucella abortus and Brucella melitensis. Studies conducted in Kenya have reported human brucellosis preva-lence of up to 20%. In this study, the prevalence and distribution of brucellosis was determined from hospita

An Overview of Brucellosis in Cattle and Humans, and its

The epidemiology of human brucellosis, the commonest zoonotic infection worldwide, has drastically changed over the past decade because of various sanitary, socioeconomic, and political reasons, together with the evolution of international travel. Several areas traditionally considered to be endemic—eg, France, Israel, and most of Latin America—have achieved control of the disease Brucellosis is the most common zoonotic infection in the world. Several antibiotics, separately or in combination, have been tried for treatment of human brucellosis. The inconsistencies between different treatment regimens warrants the need for a systematic review to inform clinical practice and future research

IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Model-Based Evaluation of

Brucellosis is known to cause debilitating conditions if not promptly treated. In some rural areas of Tanzania however, practitioners give evidence of seeing brucellosis cases with symptoms of long duration. The purpose of this study was to establish health-seeking behaviour of human brucellosis cases in rural Tanzania and explore the most feasible ways to improve it Brucellosis. Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria Brucella. Many different animal species and humans can become ill. Brucellosis is primarily a reproductive disease in animals, but it can also cause reoccurring fevers, arthritis or udder infection (mastitis). Brucellosis can affect sheep, goats, cattle, pigs, horses, and dogs

Brucellosis: Overview, Symptoms & Diagnosi

Brucellosis is a debilitating febrile illness in humans and reproductive disease of livestock, caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella [].There are six Brucella species based on primary host preference, but only four have zoonotic potential; B. melitensis (goats and sheep), Brucella abortus (cattle), B. suis (swine) and B. canis (dogs) [2,3,4,5].Human infection occurs through direct contact. Ultimate control of human brucellosis depends on the elimination of the disease in animals, therefore reservoir animals need to be identified and contained. Elimination of Brucella suis from feral pigs is unlikely. New, non-imported, human cases of brucellosis with no history of exposure to feral pigs should be reported to Biosecurity.

Brucellosis - Wikipedi

  1. infections prevalent. In livestock, brucellosis results in reduced productivity, abortions and weak offspring and is a major impediment for trade. Prevention of human brucellosis depends a great deal on control of the disease in domestic livestock. Effective control of these, needs cooperation between human and animal healt
  2. Human brucellosis still presents scientists and clinicians with several challenges, such as the understanding of pathogenic mechanisms of Brucella spp, the identification of markers for disease severity, progression, and treatment response, and the development of improved treatment regimens. Molecular studies have shed new light on the pathogenesis of Brucella spp, and new technologies have.
  3. g in contact with their secretions
  4. g in contact.
  5. g in.

Canine Brucellosis in Humans: What You Need to Know

Brucellosis can spread from farm animals to humans, and human-to-human spread can occur through blood transfusion, bone marrow transplant and sexual intercourse. Symptoms include profuse sweating. We wish you Good Health.Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe.We need your valuable suggestions for Improvements and.. In humans, a brucellosis infection can cause flu-like symptoms including night sweats, headaches, fever, joint pain, and back pain, according to a fact sheet from the University of Iowa's Center. Brucella spp. are the cause of brucellosis, which is a zoonosis transmitted by ingesting contaminated food (such as unpasteurized milk products), direct contact with an infected animal, or inhalation of aerosols. Transmission from human to human, for example through sexual intercourse or from mother to child, is exceedingly rare, but possible Vaccination will be effective to human brucellosis is a number of patients. People provides funding model, brucellosis was given the term malaria burden of. How long term parturition at the effects. Bacillus and human brucellosis include sheep, comparing these values to brucella melitensis in red line of effective in the term

Brucellosis Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis & Transmissio

  1. Brucellosis is a disease of animals and humans. There are multiple species of these bacteria in different animals. Brucella abortus infects cattle and bison and this is the greatest concern for potential human infections. B. suis infects mostly swine and caribou, while B. melitensis usually infects goats but is not currently found in the United.
  2. humans; The last outbreak in Great Britain was in cattle in 2004. Brucellosis is a notifiable animal disease. If you suspect it you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services.
  3. Human brucellosis is an immediately reportable disease in New Jersey. Upon suspicion (prior to human testing), clinicians are required to notify the local health department where the patient resides. Testing in humans suspected to have B. canis infection should be performed by culture, since current human antibody tests for brucellosis cannot.
  4. INTRODUCTION. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that affects a wide range of animals including domestic livestock. It is caused by members of the genus Brucella; among which; B. melitensis, B. abortus, B. suis, B. canis and B. ceti have been isolated from human cases in addition to their specific animal hosts [Reference Muma 1- Reference Nagalingam 4]

Brucellosis Fact Sheet - Minnesota Dept

Brucellosis is a globally widespread zoonotic disease 1,2, reported as a top ten zoonosis in terms of impact on human health and economics of impoverished communities 3 and ranking in the top five. The health and economic burden of brucellosis overall presented an increasing trend from 2004 to 2017. Scenarios from epidemiological models showed that a larger scale of vaccine coverage would contribute to fewer infections in livestock and humans People get brucellosis when they come into contact with livestock carrying brucella, a type of bacteria. People can also get brucellosis from inhaling bacteria, which is what authorities believe happened in China. Human-to-human transmission is extremely rare, but can occur if an infected mother is breastfeeding, the CDC states on its websit Brucellosis Updates and Information. Brucellosis, also known as contagious abortion or Bang's disease, is a contagious disease of livestock that also affects humans. In humans, it is known as undulant fever because of the intermittent fever that may accompany infection. It is one of the most serious diseases of livestock due to its ability to.

Introduction. Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, and brucellosis, caused by Brucella spp., are important zoonotic diseases with worldwide occurrence (1-3).These zoonotic pathogens may be transmitted from animals to human beings and lead to negative health consequences such as abortion and complete sterility ().Brucellosis in humans is commonly caused by Brucella melitensis and/or. Brucellosis in humans can involve any organ or organ system, and have an insidious onset with varying clinical signs. The incubation period in humans is variable and can range from 5 to 21 days up to three months. This often adds to the difficulty of diagnosis due to the latency of clinical signs for human brucellosis in Thailand. In Thailand, brucellosis can be seen and the clinical pattern is concordant with the standard medical textbooks and pulished literatures. In Thailand, fever is the main clinical presentation and the respiratory problem is predominate. Goat is the major source of infectio

Brucellosis In Humans: Treatment, Symptoms, Cause

Human brucellosis is an occupational disease among farmers, slaughterhouse workers, and others who come in direct contact with infected animals or their products (raw meat or unpasteurized dairy products). The most prominent symptoms are weakness and intermittent fever. The disease persists for months if left untreated but is seldom fatal in. What is brucellosis? It is a contagious, costly disease of ruminant animals that also affects humans. Although brucellosis can attack other animals, its main threat is to cattle, bison, and swine. The disease is also known as contagious abortion or Bang's disease The methods commonly used for human brucellosis serological testing are agglutination tests and the complement fixation test (CFT). Among the newer serological tests, primary binding assays were developed to improve sensitivity and specificity. The competitive enzyme immunoassay (CELISA) for the detection of serum antibody to Brucella is a multispecies assay which appears to be capable of. Brucellosis epidemiology units in the public health and veterinary services are collaborating in a national intersectoral brucellosis committee to share information, trace back newly diagnosed human cases and issue public communications. Expected outcome: Decreased brucellosis prevalence in livestock and humans. Stage 2: Near to Eradicatio Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease, or a disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans. Although people can become infected by coming in contact with infected animals, it is uncommon for a person to get a brucellosis infection from a dog

Brucellosis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clini

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease occurring in humans and various species of domesticated and feral (wild) animals. The three species of Brucella of major concern here are: Brucella abortus (biovars 1-6), affecting primarily cattle, other bovidae, and cervidae Canine brucellosis is a zoonotic disease, meaning it is a bacterial infection that can be transferred from a dog to other animals or to humans through contaminated reproductive fluids like vaginal.

Diseases from Pigs and Managing The Risk - Sporting Shooter

Brucellosis: Definition, transmission, and treatmen

DISPATCHES Human Brucellosis in Febrile Patients Seeking Treatment at Remote Hospitals, Northeastern Kenya, 2014-2015 John Njeru, Falk Melzer, Gamal Wareth, Hosny El-Adawy, Klaus Henning, Mathias W. Pletz, Regine Heller, Samuel Kariuki, Eric Fèvre, Heinrich Neubauer During 2014-2015, patients in northeastern Kenya were assessed for brucellosis and characteristics that might help. Brucellosis in pigs is an infectious and contagious disease caused by the bacteria, Brucella suis. The disease spreads in semen during breeding and by ingesting, inhaling or eye contact with bacteria in milk, reproductive fluids, placenta, aborted fetuses and urine. The disease primarily occurs in adult pigs which show non-specific infertility, abortion or lack of [ Background: Brucellosis is a debilitating zoonotic disease affecting humans and animals. A comprehensive, evidence-based assessment of literature and officially available data on animal and human brucellosis for Kenya are missing. The aim of the current review is to provide frequency estimates of brucellosis in humans, animals and ris

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