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How to remove leaf stains from painted deck

If you are facing some hard-set leaf stains, here are several ways to remove them from your wood deck. Detergent & Water. One should look to go with the mildest cleaning method possible before trying out a strong, harsh solution. The first way to remove leaf stains is to use some kind of soap and water, such as dish detergent or laundry detergent Mix one cup of liquid dish soap or laundry detergent in a bucket of warm water. Pour the mixture onto the stained decking, and allow it to soak into the wood for about 15 minutes. Then use a.. I would use a small nail in the end of the roof, and then hang it loosely to give this air vented area. Then when the area is dry, all the way dry, you can remove it. This is one area, where you may want to leave a protector in this area, so the leaves and debris will not keep coming in

How to Remove Leaf Stains from a Wood Deck - United Fence

When you're planning a party or get-together, you can easily scrub away spot stains. Scrub each stain using a half water, half bleach mix and a nonabrasive sponge. Make sure to rinse away the excess solution before it dries to prevent any additional stains from the bleach Leaf Stains When leaves accumulate on decks or porches, they can start to decompose and leave behind dark marks or silhouettes. To remove leaf stains on wood decks, scrub the area with a solution of dish detergent and warm water. Let the cleaning solution soak in for about 15 minutes before scrubbing again and rinsing with a hose Many deck cleaners contain chlorine bleach, which removes these stains. We bought a chlorine (sodium-hypochlorite) based deck cleaner, which, in fact, claimed to remove mold and mildew, and to my surprise, it worked almost perfectly without removing the deck stain underneath. That had been my concern, that it would remove the deck stain Looking for a fresh start on your old wood surface before applying a new coat of stain? Learn how Olympic Stain Stripper removes old coatings, stains and mil.. Use Waterline Stain Remover. Apply it to the stain, let it sit for ½ hour and rinse away. Be careful when working with this product as it's made up of a combination of several different acids, plus surfactants, brighteners, inhibitors, etc. After you get the stains out be sure to protect the deck with Sure Step

How to Clean Wood Deck Leaf Stain Remova

How to Strip Old Wood or Deck Stain or Paint - YouTube

Try using a mixture of water and dish soap or laundry detergent. Allow the mixture to set for 10 to 15 minutes on the surface then scrub it into the surface using a stiff brush. A mixture of 1 cup.. Those leaf stains are naturally bleached out by the sun, if you simply leave the boat exposed to its rays for a couple of days. I'm guessing you have a cover, but it doesn't keep out all the leaves, or you probably would have discovered this for yourself. When the stains get to be too much, just pull back the cover and let the sun shine in Painted decks offer unique challenges for surface removal when preparing to re-stain. I prefer to eliminate dangerous chemicals commonly used to soften the s.. Actually,m if siding is so dirty it will leave dirt stains, you may need to start on the siding first and clean it up, then do the deck, rerinsing the siding as you go. If water will run down the siding from the deck, keep the siding under the deck wet throughout the process so the dirty water does not stick kto it, then rinse that again last Unfortunately, because of the nature of deck stains, going from paint to a stain will require a bit of work. Deck stains will not cover deck paint. To stain over a painted deck, you will first have to remove any current paint from your deck, either by using a deck stripper or by sanding the surfaces of your deck boards

How do I remove tree debris stains from my painted deck

  1. Your skimmer basket can play the role of a tea bag, slowly releasing the tannin oils from the leaves leaving a brownish stain. Most leaf stains will fade away within a few weeks so it might be beneficial to wait it out to see if they will naturally disappear
  2. Reddish, brown (or sometimes black) stains appearing as blotches or streaks on surface or paint (see also Tannin Staining). Staining - Water, Smoke, Etc. Stains in the paint surface caused by virtually anything that would bleed, leak, or stick to the paint fil
  3. Water. Dish soap. Garden hose. Stiff scrub brush. 8 oz. oxygen bleach. 1 cup trisodium phosphate. The natural pigment in a leaf can leave colored stains on concrete. The natural dye in plant leaves may leave stains on concrete. Over time, the leaves' dyes can seep into the concrete surface if leaves are left in one spot long enough

Re: Removing leaf stains Where my seat folded down and touched (bottoms to the backs) there were stains from various things that none of the cleaners would remove. Finally said the hell with it and cut LA Awsome to 7-1, soft brush and 95 percent are gone One way to remove leaf stains from concrete is with one cup of bleach and 2 gallons of water. Apply the mixed solution and let it sit for 4-5 minutes. Then you scrub the concrete with a brush and rinse off all the bleach with a power washer. How to remove blood stains from car upholstery Spray the stripper liberally onto the surface of your deck and allow the solution to sit until the stain has visibly lifted—this usually takes between five to 15 minutes. You can tell when the stain or paint starts to lift because the coating will soften Vinegar is an amazing, super affordable cleaning product and odor eliminator, and when blended to make a 50/50 distilled water mixture, has the ability to remove many types of tough surface stain. 50/50 blend made, shake the bottle and spray the solution onto the stained surface

How to Keep Your Deck and Patio Free of Leaf Stain

Stains left from pets on the deck can be removed using a vinegar and water mix. Combine two gallons of water with half a gallon of white vinegar, and then pour it onto the stain. Scrub the spot with a brush and let the solution soak for about 30 minutes, then rinse it with the hose. The vinegar should clean the spot and get rid of the smell You may use a power washer, but remember to use a fanning nozzle as it will prevent damage to your paint, stain, or wood. Let the space air dry completely. To remove moss and algae from composite decking: Create a deck cleaning solution by combining one gallon of warm tap water and ¾ cup of chlorine bleach together in a clean bucket

How to Clean Decks and Patios to Remove Tough Stains

Tape over the nearby siding, wet and cover bushes, grass, flowers around the deck, then pour and spread a heavy coat of stain remover on the stained deck boards. Allow the stain remover about 15 to 30 minutes to soak and soften the stain; using a stiff brush, scrub off the old stain from the deck Give it a good scrub down the deck boards, then across them. That'll loosen the stain or oil right up. To get it all off, pour some water onto your deck and give it another good scrub. Then it's ready for a good wash down, then let it dry Has anyone had success with removing tannin (tannic acid) stains caused by tree leaves sitting on their car paint finish for an extended period of time? I have searched the net and found that oxalic acid (used for cleaning and brightening wood decks & fences) is supposed to remove tannic acid stains from automobile paint finishes, but I'm reluctant to try it as I haven't found a product that list Get Deck Cleaning Tips & Tricks To Get You Ready for Summer! Use Clorox® Bleach to Clean Decks, Patio Furniture & So Much More Removing leaf stains from the fiberglass deck. Skipper June 9, The stains vary from tree leaf to tree leaf, because their chemical composition can be different. The stains are indelible and are carried in the oil from the tree. After you get the stains out be sure to protect the deck with Sure Step. It will seals the pores and put a.

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Bob Oldefest asked: Will your waterline stain remover be acceptable to remove leaf stains from fiberglass decks. Will it kill it shine on the gelcoat gloss. Boat clean plus doesn't work so well. Answer: For your convenience, I've highlighted the hyperlinks. Click on the hyperlink to get more information about the selected product. Yes, Waterline Read More.. Cleaning light tannin leaf stains from concrete or brick can be done with a strong household detergent made to remove organic staining. Use a non-acidic solution and add a drop of soap so the solution can stay wet (active) on the stain longer. Be sure the solution and soap do not react. Prewet the stain with water Before you clean the mud stains take all the furniture off the deck and sweep away all the loose dirt with a broom. This makes the pressure washing and stain removal more effective. You can also try to hand scrub the mud or scrape the majority of the mud with a scraper. A flat, plastic scraper takes most of the mud right off the deck surface Paint - Make sure that you tackle these sorts of stains immediately. Do not wipe, as this will spread the paint and force it deeper in. Soak and scrub the area with hot water and detergent. Rust - The only way to remove rust stains is to use a solution of muriatic acid (also known as hydrochloric acid). Make sure you follow the directions.

How I got Rid of Leaf and Pine Needle Stains on a Deck

In some cases, additional scrubbing with a deck brush may be required to remove stubborn stains. Gentle All-Purpose Deck Cleaner. Painted wood decks, which are often coordinated to match the trim. 3 /9. Before opening up the container of stain and getting the paintbrush wet, take a few steps that many DIYers miss. Sand the entire deck to remove any old stain, paint, or varnish from the wood. Removing Stains From Hard Surface Patios . Hard surface patios can include concrete, brick pavers, flagstone or concrete pavers. They wear like iron but are prone to staining and need cleaning like anything else. Let's review some common stains and how to clean them. In all cases, you can also try and use a power washer if you have one Apply a pump sprayer and apply an even coating. Two coatings could be necessary, allowing for the deck to dry between the different coatings. deck rust stains. deck with mold stains . Learn more on renovating deck, paint stripper, wood brightener, removing coating, sanding and which materials to use This removes any dust or grime from the surface of the stains which could cause further damage when trying to remove the leaf outlines. Step 3. Treat each leaf stain with a commercial leaf-stain remover or paint cleaner. Work on them one by one. There are a number of products on the market, so consult your car dealership or the staff at your.

If it were my deck, if it were my client's deck, I would scrape the loose paint and put a solid stain in same color on top. Year after year repeat/touchup as needed. You/your client will need to do that with whatever new finish you/they choose after you get done with all this mess that you/they have decided is necessary Using a semi-transparent natural stain, you'll want to remove all old paint off, every smidgen before staining. Important to note, semi-transparent stains do not cover completely like deck paints do. So it's more difficult going from a previously painted deck to a semi-transparent natural deck stain. Easier going from deck stain to a deck paint

How to Strip Old Wood or Deck Stain or Paint - YouTub

We have some great tips for how to clean pavers and how to remove stains from pavers using paver cleaning products such as Techniseal paver care products i.e. Dirt & Grease remover, organic stain remover, paint & tar remover, etc, but also at home DIY cleaner products for easy stains In this 2-part series, I show how I stripped, cleaned, repaired, stained and sealed our old deck from start to finish for cheap! For Part 2 of the series, click here. When we bought our house in the Spring of 2016, the stain on the deck was already flaking off and I knew I would have to refinish it at some point Removing stains from the wooden deck can be simple or complex, depending on the nature of the stain. Stains that occur as a result of spilled liquids and grease are quite tougher and requires comparatively more time and effort than others to get out. And, if they soak into the wood for quite a long time, they are nearly impossible to get out

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A: The leaf stains are caused by tannins, the same type of compounds that are found in grapes and make wine taste dry. Tannin stains on outdoor concrete often go away on their own, thanks to. We moved the table to another side of the deck, and then the black stains stated appearing there. After doing a bit of research we learned that the nails in the picnic table reacted with the wood and caused the black stains, I think they are called tannin stains. I need to remove these stains before we can stain the deck Keeping your deck clean and pristine will not only make it more appealing, cleaning the wood will help it last longer and protect it from harmful substances. Black spots on your deck might be fungi decaying the wood or tannin stains. Use the right chemical to clean the wood deck and remove these black spots The goal is to remove any dirt, debris, build up, or old paint. During this step you should try to remove as much paint as possible before bringing out the power washer. The deck doesn't have to be spotless, but it should look noticeably cleaner and much of the old paint should be gone or uplifted. Now it's time to turn on the water works

Paint. Paint must be dealt with immediately once it comes in contact with the concrete deck. It can be quite difficult to remove paint once it has dried. Avoid wiping the paint as this spread out the stain and force it into the concrete. Soak the area with a mix of hot water and detergent Similar to the regular staining process, wipe the additional stain from the deck with a rag cloth. By removing the excess stain, the rag cloth will also take out the stickiness from the deck. The sum up! Penetrating the wood stain into the deck is one of the principal duties of the wood. No matter how quality stain you apply, your investment. How to remove peeling finish from your deck with these DIY tips. Even the best deck stain will flake away eventually. The best way to deal with a peeling deck is to remove the offending paint or stain and begin from scratch. You'll need to remove the damage, sand the surface, recondition, and then restain. Make an old deck look like new again It is unlikely you can stain it. The paint soaks into the wood and stains it, so it will probably look really bad if you strip it. Also, I can't even imagine striping a deck. I have stripped doors and it is an insane amount of nasty work. Strip a whole deck, Jeez, what a nightmare Remove all the furniture from your deck. Use a scraper or an iron-bristle brush to scrape away peeling paint on the deck. Apply the paint stripper with a paintbrush to a 10-by-10-foot section of the deck to soften the remaining paint. Set the power washer to a low pressure of 800 to 1200 pounds per square inch (psi)

Stained the floor of the deck a natural color, but we cannot figure out what's on the railings. The professional painter who painted the inside of the house didn't know. I took a sample of a peeled-off bit into Sherwin-Williams and the guy there wasn't sure but thought stain, and said either way, stain it. DH doesn't believe me, thinks it's. Step 1 - Sweep the Deck. Your first step is to thoroughly sweep the deck with a hard-bristled broom to remove all loose debris. Make sure you move all deck furniture and plants off of the surface so you can get the best clean possible. Just because you will also hose it down later does not mean you can skip this step, as a broom can more easily dislodge leaves and twigs from between the slats

How to remove deck paint is a question I get from my clients all the time.And is one of the most tedious works I have done at home and for clients. I've got to be honest. I like DIY, but God I hated removing deck paint. If you have the proper methodology for removing the paint, then this makes a real difference Step 4: Rinse. Finally, rinse the deck surface with a garden hose to remove any lingering residue and allow the deck to dry completely. You may also opt to use a power or pressure washer to save time and labor. It's best to use a fanning nozzle, which will safely and effectively clean the algae and moss from your deck without damaging the. The Steps of removing the solid stain from your wood deck Power Washing. Power washing is essential when you want to remove old solid stain from your wood deck. A pressure washer will help in removing the stain effectively. However, be careful not to damage your wood when using this machine. Remember that a pressure washer is capable of even. For oil or grease stains on pavers, use a detergent or specially formulated degreaser. For paints, there are different paint removing chemicals and mechanical methods. Leaf stains can be removed with bleach. Vinegar, lemon, or other acids can remove rust stains Hi I have a presure treated deck that is over 20 years old still in good shape,over the years i have gone from stain to paint.from painting it over the last 5 years i noticed the gaps between the boards is gone and water puddles up on deck.is there any other way to open that gap other than running a skill saw between board

Removing stain from the surface of your composite decking can be difficult. Aside from food and wine, dog urine can stain the surface of your composite decking. If you own a pet dog and your dog plays on the surface of your decking, then it can leave it to mark on it. This way, the urine will stain the top of your plastic wood decking Remove any existing deck stain color using a paint stripper or sander. Make sure the paint or stain is uniformly removed from the wood surface and no patches remain. This will help your new stain look the same across every part of the deck. Once all of the color is removed, you can proceed to cleaning the deck

Here are 6 common types of stains, how to remove them, and the contractor-approved products to use: Rust stains. From patio furniture to sprinklers and everything in between, this is a common stain on stone surfaces. Use Alliance Rust Remover and scrub with a stiff brush, repeating as necessary Once your deck is smooth, you'll need to remove as much dust as possible. Sanding can clog the pores of the wood and make it difficult for stain to penetrate effectively. Using a pressure washer on a low setting will remove sanding dust. Alternatively, use a leaf blower or vacuum cleaner to remove the dust

Ken Looker on Sep 03, 2018. I tried sanding with a floor sander with 36 grit sandpaper. I just buffed it smoot so it was even tougher to get off. Used Olympic deck stripper and it took off bits and pieces. In short, used deck stripper 4x and been sanding it with a large floor sander non-stop Quality stains penetrate the wood grain. A quality stain will seal the wood grain, so it prevents moisture from penetrating your deck and causing it to rot. A good stain generally provides better moisture retention than paint. Staining allows you to highlight the beauty of your wooden deck

How to Remove Mold From Stained or Painted Wood. Although mold grows most easily on bare wood, old stain or paint that is beginning to fail can allow black mold to take root and grow. To clean mold from a stained or painted wood surface, use regular household dishwashing detergent and warm water Types of Wood How to remove sap from it; White Wood: 1.Scrape off the excess with a wooden spatula. 2.Dab the remaining stain with a cloth dipped in household alcohol . 3.Scrub then, if necessary, with steel wool . Waxed wood: 1.Peel off the resin on the surface using a spoon. 2.Rub the area with a cloth dampened in household alcohol . 3.If traces remain, level with sandpaper . 4.Apply a new.

In the winter, sweep snow off your deck to keep the surface as dry as possible. Cleaning Solutions that Remove Algae When it comes to removing algae from your wooden deck, you have quite a few options. The most common you'll hear is bleach, but bleaching your deck can alter its color and even corrode the metal fasteners keeping your deck. Spray the deck thoroughly with soapy water, using long sweeping motions and following the length of the boards. Gently scrub the deck with a soft-bristled brush to remove any built-up dirt on the deck. Rinse with Clean Water. Once the deck has been scrubbed, rinse thoroughly with clean water, ensuring all the soapy water has been rinsed clear. You should also use minimal pressure to avoid chipping the wood. For the curved scraper, use pulling motion instead of pushing to remove the loose paint chips. If your deck is stained, use a deck stain remover to remove the stain. Let the remover soak into the stain for at least 15-30 minutes for best results

Step 1 - Scrape off loose paint with a paint scraper/putty knife OR pressure washer (outdoor projects) The first thing you are going to want to do when removing primer from a surface is to remove the loosest parts with a paint scraper or putty knife. This will safe you some time if you don't have a palm sander on hand, and it will also save. Spray a section of the paint with the pressure washer. If the paint lifts off the concrete, continue cleaning the paint off the concrete pool deck without the use of chemicals to soften the paint. Position the nozzle so the spray from the pressure washer and the removed paint flow away from the pool water. Click to see full answer All paint and stain will eventually peel or flake away, no matter the quality. The best way to maintain the appearance of your painted or stained deck is to remove the offending paint or stain and start from scratch. Make your deck look like new again by sanding the surface, reconditioning, and then restaining/repainting. Scrap Step 1: Wipe areas of over-application. The best part of this DIY is there's only one step. Simply use a lint-free rag soaked in mineral spirits or paint thinner to rub the areas of over-application—wherever the stain has puddled or is thick and sticky—to remove the excess stain. Areas of over-application may be noticeable because the.

Removing leaf stains from the fiberglass deck - Boat

1. Prep. Before you apply stain, make sure the surface is clean (no dust, dirt, wood fibers or grease), dry and free from mildew. When a surface is not clean, stains and other finishes have trouble sticking and may end up peeling. Confirm no rain for 24-48 hours. Thoroughly sweep the deck to remove all leaves and other debris Step Three: Use a leaf stain remover. Specialty products exist to help break down the leaf stains without damaging your paint, but you don't necessarily have to invest in these. Heavy-duty stain removers and car-specific products can often do the trick (especially if you invest in elbow grease to go along with them) Next, strip the deck with a special deck stain remover (1 gallon covers 100 sq. ft.). Tape plastic over nearby siding, cover or wet down bushes and grass around the deck, then spread a heavy coat of stain remover over the stained boards. Scrub off old stain using a stiff brush and deck finish remover. Give the remover 15 to 30 minutes to soften. How do I remove deck stain from painted metal? By tollie from Fort Smith, AR. Advertisement. Add your voice! Click below to answer. ThriftyFun is powered by your wisdom! Answer . kathleen williams Bronze Feedback Medal for All Time! 147 Feedbacks. May 31, 2010 0 found this helpful I am redoing a deck with 1 in space between boards and multi layers of paint/stain. removing boards is not an option (unfortunately) and power washing failed to remove the coatings. i need to resort to sanding/ paint removal liquids (I guess). would prefer to sand but am at a loss for tool. my dremel would work I guess but 40x 20 just makes me shudder

How to Clean Painted Wood Decks Hunke

Instructions. 1. Before you clean the stains, you will need to get rid of dust and debris. This can be done using a stiff bristle brush and soapy mixture prepared using hot water. It is best to clean a freshly installed Trex deck using this technique. 2. Mill markings can often be seen on the side of a Trex deck Re: leaf stains what will remove them!!!!!!!! « Reply #7 on: February 25, 2010, 07:06:19 PM ». Use soft scrub. I use the stuff with lemon. Works great and doesnt harm the material. Use it with a scrub brush. DO NOT USE BLEACH WHITE that stuff is to harsh and will eventually break down the material We remove leaf stains daily from Pebblecrete, Quartzon, fibreglass, glass bead or fully tiled pools. As the image shows, we can remove stains from swimming pool surfaces without draining the pool, water blasting or acid washing. The good news is that our treatment is a fraction of the cost of an acid wash

Deck strippers have the added advantage of not only removing stain or paint, but also removing mold, mildew, algae, and dirt. If you use a deck stripper, you are essentially getting a two in one product, both a stripper and a cleaner. This makes your deck primed and ready to be brightened and resealed or painted Spray deck with soap, then follow by gently scrubbing each deck board with a soft bristle brush. Spray/rinse each individual deck board using a fan tip no closer than 8-in (203 mm) from the decking surface. RINSE THOROUGHLY. If dirty water from cleaning is left to dry, a film will remain on the decking surface Use a mop to apply the stain remover or just pour it onto the surface. A heavy-duty stain remover can be used to remover tree sap from decks. Wait about fifteen minutes before scrubbing the area with a brush, and then rinse it off. An exterior deck stripper can also be used to remove tree sap and involves less scrubbing Many new homeowners have dealt with painted decks that needed some love after escrow. This was my second such occasion and the 3rd home we've owned that had a deck. One of those situations where you're able to take what you've learned in the past and apply it to the present. The couple we bought the farm from did a great job taking care of the home and the landscaping, they truly blessed us. After a rainstorm, I use my gas-powered leaf blower to rid the deck of water, taking about five or 10 minutes to thin out accumulations of water, leaving the rest to evaporate

What is the best way to remove and prevent leaf stains on

When using a deck cleaner, you'll need to first sweep the deck off to remove any loose debris and dust. Then apply a layer of the deck cleaner to the deck. As it penetrates the wood, it removes dirt, mildew, algae, mold, leaf marks, and other stains. Rinse off the deck cleaner and let the deck fully dry before moving on to the next step Apply paint thinner and leave overnight. If it's a small stain, use a wire brush or scraper to remove the remaining paint. If it's in a large outdoor area, use a pressure washer. If the paint doesn't come off, add more thinner and repeat the steps. Rust You may be able to remove rust with household material such as lemon juice or vinegar. Pour. The simplest way to strip off old paint from a wood deck surface if it is old and already flaking off is to use a pressure washer. But I caution you to be careful and not set the pressure too high nor spray the wood from too direct (ie straight down) and angle. The risk is you damage the wood fiber and in some cases carve out grooves in the wood Note: A composite deck stain with mildewcides, zinc particles or inhibitors are a preventive plus. Step 4: Keep it clean To get the most longevity from your freshly stained deck, rewash your composite deck seasonally or every couple of seasons and reapply a maintenance coat of stain when necessary. How to Remove Stains and Paint from Composite.

How to Remove Deck Stain From Painted Metal Hunke

Q. My deck, made of pressure-treated wood, was finished about two years ago with a solid-color, oil-based stain. The stain is peeling to the bare wood, especially when I try to scrub off mold stains An oxalic acid based deck brightener such as UltraMean can be used to remove these spots/stains. Some of these stains may be removed by natural weathering, but UltraMean will help speed up the process. There are many advantages to composite decking, but regular maintenance is a must to extend the life of your deck There are also multiple deck cleaners available in the market to reach maximum effectiveness while removing a solid stain from a deck. 2. Wood Stripper. Although sometimes a pressure wash will be able to remove stain from the deck. But for an old-chipped stain and old wood, cleaning with a wood stripper is the second step Leave it on stain for a day and then remove it as directed. Paint: Don't let this stain settle in - attack it immediately! Do not wipe it as you will spread it and make it sink into the paver deeper. If it is latex paint, soak and scrub it with hot water, scouring powder and a brush. Rust: Can be removed by using muriatic acid (hydrochloric.

Steps to Remove the Stains: There are several products that can be used to remove stains from concrete. We'll go over several different approaches. Choose the one with the materials you have available first, then move on from there until the stain is removed. In a bucket, mix one part bleach with two parts water If we remove the deck, the first step is 15 feet to the ground. (Leslie chuckles) LESLIE: Yeah. Well . TOM: Well, I've got to tell you it's an enormous project to get the old paint off. They're correct in saying that pressure washing could potentially damage the deck How to remove mill glaze. To remove the mill glaze, you will need to use a wood deck cleaner/stripper followed by a light pressure washing. Sometimes scrubbing the wood with a stiff bristle brush is necessary before the pressure washing. After the wood stripper has been applied, scrubbed and pressure washed, apply a wood brightener Scrub the deck with a heavy duty cleaner (TSP in this case) and rinse it off completely. Allow the deck to dry for 24 hours before proceeding to the next step. Apply the Behr Deck Over Product. Sweep the deck and use a leaf blower to remove every last speck of debris. You want a perfectly clean surface before you begin. Mix the can thoroughly