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Summarize how rocks fossils and climate provided evidence of continental drift

Fossil records are strong evidence that the continents do drift. Answer 5: Fossils are formed when living organisms (plants or animals) die and become buried in dirt, sand or mud. Over time, the organism decays and the area it occupied is replaced with inorganic rock Wegener used evidence of climate change to support his hypothesis. As a continent moves toward the equator, its climate becomes warmer. As a continent moves toward the poles, its climate becomes colder. But the continent carries with it the fossils and rocks that formed at its previous locations

How did fossil evidence support the theory of continental drift? Scientists discovered the fossils of many identical-appearing species on widely separated continents. They had two theories for this. First, they theorized that separate species developed identically across the far-flung continents, a notion that was highly unlikely Another important piece of evidence in the Continental Drift theory is the fossil relevance. There are various examples of fossils found on separate continents and in no other regions. This indicates that these continents had to be once joined together because the extensive oceans between these land masses act as a type of barrier for fossil.

How did fossils provide evidence for continental drift

Summarize how rocks, fossils, and climate provided evidence of continental drift. Wegener hypothesized that Mesosaurus, the reptile lived on both continents when they were joined. Another fossil was Glosspteris and was found in Africa, India, Australia, and South America Wegener suggested that these creatures were alive in warm climate zones and that the fossils and coal later had drifted to new locations on the continents.Although Wegener's evidence was sound, most geologists at the time rejected his hypothesis of continental drift How does this evidence supports/alter/affect continental drift (Cynognathus)? - dinosaur lived in the middle of the triassic period --> fossils would have already formed by the time Pangea split - if you put the continents in the southern hemisphere back together, the distribution of Cynognathus fossils form pattern Rock clues Wegener specifically used rock composition and mountain ranges to provide evidence of continental drift. He provided evidence that mountain ranges occurring on opposite continents matched up pretty well when brought together. This perfect aligning of mountain ranges indicated that the continents were once together Summarize the climate evidence for continental drift. Glaciers in southern South America, southern Africa, India, and Australia are found in areas that now have tropical climates. There is also evidence for tropical climates and coal swamps in areas that are now at higher latitudes, such as northern Europe and the northeastern United States

Fossils and rocks found on different continents provide evidence that Earth's landmasses once were joined together in the. fernlike plant whose fossil provided evidence for continental drift, fossilized leaves of an extinct plant found in rocks in South America, Africa, Australia, India and Antarctica Evidence from fossils Evidence from. Summary. In the early part of the 20th century, scientists began to put together evidence that the continents could move around on Earth's surface. The evidence for continental drift included the fit of the continents; the distribution of ancient fossils, rocks, and mountain ranges; and the locations of ancient climatic zones.. LESSON SUMMARY. In the early part of the 20th century, scientists began to put together evidence that the continents could move around on Earth's surface. The evidence for continental drift included the fit of the continents; the distribution of ancient fossils, rocks, and mountain ranges; and the locations of ancient climatic zones

What is the climate evidence for continental drift

Evidence for Continental Drift.Then read the summary below and look at the important facts from that passage. The puzzle-like fit of the continents, along with fossil, climate, and rock clues, were the main types of evidence supporting We gener's hypothesis of continental drift. Rocks and rock structures found in part The four pieces of evidence for the continental drift include continents fitting together like a puzzle, scattering ancient fossils, rocks, mountain ranges, and the old climatic zones' locations. Fossils of remarkably similar plants and animals have been discovered on opposite sides of the Atlantic Ocean Wiki User. ∙ 2015-03-17 06:33:27. Best Answer. Copy. It is any trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.Fossils provided evidence for continental drift by Wegener's.

How did fossil evidence support the theory of continental

Lesson Summary. In the early part of the 20th century, scientists began to put together evidence that the continents could move around on Earth's surface. The evidence for continental drift included the fit of the continents; the distribution of ancient fossils, rocks, and mountain ranges; and the locations of ancient climatic zones CONTINENTAL DRIFT THEORY Continental drift is the hypothesis that all the continents had once been joined together in a single landmass. Alfred Wegener named this supercontinent Pangaea. Pangaea existed about 300 million years ago. This was the time when reptiles and winged insects first appeared What Evidence Is There of the Continental Drift Theory? According to National Geographic, sea floor spreading and plate tectonics indicate that the continents do move or shift, which supports continental drift theory. Fossils of the Mesosaurus, an ancient freshwater reptile found in the southern parts of South America and Africa, also indicate. List five pieces of evidence for Wegener's hypothesis of continental drift? Continents fit like a puzzle, climate zones, fossils, rocks and glacial deposits What was the name of the swimming reptile fossil remains that Wegeners found only in South America and Africa

3. Relate continental drift to previous activities. After students have completed the Procedure, use Question 1 to discuss how particular statements provided evidence for continental movement. Display Transparency 40.2, Puzzle Key. Discuss how the fossil and rock layers provide evidence for continental movement. You may want to refer t Wegener collected a great deal of evidence to support his idea. Wegener's evidence included the fit of the continents, the distribution of ancient fossils, the placement of similar rocks and structures on the opposite sides of oceans, and indicators of ancient climate found in locations where those climates do not exist today

Continental drift was a theory that explained how continents shift position on Earth's surface. Set forth in 1912 by Alfred Wegener, a geophysicist, and meteorologist, continental drift also explained why look-alike animal and plant fossils, and related rock formations, are found on different continents. Evidence in Support of the Continental. Fossils of creatures and plants discovered on different continents helped to him push his case that the continents were once locked together before breaking up and drifting away. Some of the fossil evidence discovered on the continents includes mesosaurus, lystosaurus, cygnognathus and glossopteris Therefore continental break up is a strong piece of evidence to support the theory of continental drift. Geology of rock formations and mountain ranges on separate continents were also suggested by Wenger as evidence of continental drift. Areas of South America and Africa have rocks of the same age, around 550 million years old, and composition.

How did fossil evidence support the theory of continental drift? creating new ocean floor. And as the rock cools, specific minerals with magnetic properties line up with the prevailing magnetic field of Earth. This preserves a record of the magnetic field orientation at that particular point in time More support for continental drift came from the puzzling evidence that glaciers once existed in normally very warm areas in southern Africa, India, Australia, and Arabia. These climate anomalies could not be explained by land bridges. Wegener found similar evidence when he discovered tropical plant fossils in the frozen region of the Arctic. What Evidence Is There of the Continental Drift Theory? According to National Geographic, sea floor spreading and plate tectonics indicate that the continents do move or shift, which supports continental drift theory. Fossils of the Mesosaurus, an ancient freshwater reptile found in the southern parts of South America and Africa, also indicate. Continental drift was a theory that explained how continents shift position on Earth's surface. Set forth in 1912 by Alfred Wegener, a geophysicist and meteorologist, continental drift also explained why look-alike animal and plant fossils, and similar rock formations, are found on different continents and why many of the continents appear to fit together like puzzle pieces into one super. Anne M. Hofmeister, in Heat Transport and Energetics of the Earth and Rocky Planets, 2020 1.5.1.1 Large scale motions indicate differential rotation. Continental drift was proposed by meteorologist Alfred Wegener in 1912 on basis of congruent continental shapes and supporting fossil evidence, but was dismissed by geologists on the basis of rock strength

Evidence Alfred Wegener: Building a Case for Continental

  1. Evidence for continental drift Wegener knew that fossil plants and animals such as mesosaurs, a freshwater reptile found only South America and Africa during the Permian period, could be found on many continents. He also matched up rocks on either side of the Atlantic Ocean like puzzle pieces
  2. Continental Drift Theory (Alfred Wegener, 1922) Plate Tectonics - Breakup of Pangea. Alfred Wegener suggested continental Drift Theory in the 1920's. According to Continental Drift Theory there existed one big landmass which he called Pangaea which was covered by one big ocean called Panthalassa. A sea called Tethys divided the Pangaea into.
  3. Evidence from Rock Formations Geologic evidence also supported Wegener's hypothesis of continental drift. The ages and types of rocks in the coastal regions of widely separated areas, such as western Africa and eastern South America, matched closely. Mountain chains that ended at the coastline of one continent seemed to continue on other conti

Their fossils have been found across South America, Africa, India, and Antarctica. Wegener thought that all of these organisms must have lived side by side. The lands later moved apart so that the fossils are separated. Wegener used fossil evidence to support his continental drift hypothesis The evidence for continental drift included the fit of the continents; the distribution of ancient fossils, rocks, and mountain ranges; and the locations of ancient climate zones. Although the evidence was extremely strong, scientists did not yet know how continents could move, so most rejected the idea Other fossil evidence also supports the theory of continental drift. The earliest marine fossils found along the eastern coast of South America and the western coast of Africa date from about 150 to 200 million years ago, suggesting that the Atlantic Ocean did not exist prior to that time The theory of continental drift is most associated with the scientist Alfred Wegener. In the early 20th century, Wegener published a paper explaining his theory that the continental landmasses were drifting across the Earth, sometimes plowing through oceans and into each other. He called this movement continental drift the distribution of fossils and glacial deposits • The geophysisists could not think of a force strong enough to make continents able to plough through Oceanic crust • Wegener assigned Pangea a far too young age (Cenozoic) and paleontologists found it hard to believe that so much continental drift could have occurred in so short tim

Unit 1 Earth Space Flashcards Quizle

He then gathered an impressive amount of evidence to show that earth's continents were once connected in a single supercontinent. Thus, proposed in 1912 by Alfred Wegener, continental drift theory explained why similar looking animal and plant fossils and similar rock formations are found on different continents Wegener's evidence, along with evidence provided by post World War II technology, eventually led to universal acceptance of the theory of continental drift. Alfred Wegener collected diverse pieces of evidence to support his theory, including geological fit and fossil evidence Continental drift, large-scale horizontal movements of continents relative to one another and to the ocean basins during one or more episodes of geologic time.This concept was an important precursor to the development of the theory of plate tectonics, which incorporates it.. The idea of a large-scale displacement of continents has a long history. Noting the apparent fit of the bulge of eastern.

Theory of Continental Drift Physical Geograph

Continental Drift - Fossil, Climatic, and Rock Formation

Evidence for Continental Drift Evidence from fossils A fossil is any trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock. Glossopteris fossils have been found in rocks in Africa, South America, Australia, India, and Antarctica. Evidence for Continental Drift Evidence from climate Fossils of tropical plants have been found too far south. What is the evidence of Continental Drift? Geological evidence Rocks of the same age and type and displaying the same formations are found in south-east Brazil and South Africa. The trends of the mountains in the eastern USA and north-west Europe are similar when placed in their old positions. Similar glacial deposits are found in Antarctica. Paleomagnetism provided evidence for his hypothesis. Main Points. Wegener's Hypothesis called continental drift . Continents come together like a puzzle piece being that continents were once formed as a supercontinent. Fossil evidence supporting Wegener's hypothesis. Fossils of the same animals and plants were found in the same areas of two.

Theory of Continental Drift: Causes and Evidence Earth

  1. Summarize the evidence that supports Wegener's hypothesis? Fossils - The fossils of the same plant and animals that couldn't swim very well being found on two different continents water ways apart. Rock Formation - Rocks of the same age and type found on separate continents and same mountain ranges of a coastline found continuing on the.
  2. Alfred Wegener died a few years later. With his death, the Continental Drift Theory was quietly swept under the rug. The existing theories of continent formation were allowed to survive, with little challenge until the 1960's. Wegener, Galileo and Darwin . The main problem with Wegener's hypothesis of Continental Drift was the lack of a mechanism
  3. 4 pieces of evidence for continental drift by Alfred Wegener (An Analysis of - Evidence and Rejection of the Theory) During the second and third decades of the twentieth century, the notion of continental drift was revived, most notably by the German meteorologist and geophysicist Alfred Wegener.. Wegener put together the first comprehensive theory to describe and partially explain the.
  4. Summary. The topics covered in this chapter can be summarized as follows: Section. Summary. 10.1 Alfred Wegener: The Father of Plate Tectonics. The evidence for continental drift in the early 20th century included the matching of continental shapes on either side of the Atlantic and the geological and fossil matchups between continents that are.

When rock layers were discovered with different magnetism than the original rock, it points to continental drift. The Mid Atlantic Ridge was the first piece of evidence to support Wegener's Theory. 2 British Geologists, Vine and Matthews, discovered magnetic stripes or banding running parallel to the ridge in the 1960s Q. What does the theory of continental drift state? answer choices. The continents were once joined in a super-continent and have moved over time. Continents are stationary and do not move. The Earth is broken into lithospheric plates that move due to convection currents. none of the above There is considerable evidence for the theory of continental drift that draws upon fossil evidence, plate tectonics theory and studies of glacier sediments. For example: Similar plant and animal fossils have been found on different continents' shores, suggesting that these were once joined

Continental drift is supported only by observations of similar coastlines and geologic features on opposite sides of an ocean; plate tectonics is supported by a wide range of fossil evidence as well. Plate tectonics was Wegener's theory that Earth's continents rest on sections of Earth's crust that drift together and apart over time. • Fossil evidence for ancient climates, like tropical vegetation, today without a recognizable pattern will form climate zones when the continents are put back together

Early Evidence: Fossils and Puzzle Pieces. Plate tectonics is a relatively new theory. It was first proposed in 1912 by Alfred Lother Wegener as a theory called continental drift. Wegener's theory was initially based upon the remarkable shape of our continents, particularly South America and Africa Key to Wegener's Puzzling Evidence - Fossils - Alfred Wegener's evidence for continental drift is shown on the cut-outs you created. Wegener used this evidence to reconstruct the positions of the continents relative to each other in the distant past. Fossils were a primary part of his reconstruction Wegener's Continental Drift Hypothesis. Figure 1. Alfred Wegener suggested that continental drift occurred as continents cut through the ocean floor, in the same way as this icebreaker plows through sea ice. Wegener put his idea and his evidence together in his book The Origin of Continents and Oceans, first published in 1915 Continental drift theory was given by Alfred Wegener in 1912 to explain the present arrangement of continents. Why Wegener thought that continents are drifting? Based on the fossils record, he found that many fossils originated in a temperate or cold climate are found in the tropical regions

Certain fossils appear in continuous bands across continents that are now separated by thousands of miles of ocean. Wegener believed this fact was one of the strongest pieces of evidence for his theory. In the above map, orange indicates the fossil remains of Cynognathus, a Triassic land reptile The idea that continental drift has taken place came up primarily because of study of fossils discovered from different corners of earth. The word 'fossil' was coined more than 500 years ago, by German scientist Georgius Agricola, though records describing fossils are much older. It actually means 'having been dug up' in its original latin form Chapter 10 Summary. The evidence for continental drift in the early 20th century included the matching of continental shapes on either side of the Atlantic and the geological and fossil matchups between continents that are now thousands of kilometres apart. The established theories of global geology were permanentism and contractionism, but. Fossil Evidence. One type of evidence that strongly supported the Theory of Continental Drift is the fossil record. Fossils of similar types of plants and animals in rocks of a similar age have been found on the shores of different continents, suggesting that the continents were once joined All this evidence led Wegener to believe that the continents were once connected but had separated and drifted apart. In 1915, Wegener proposed his continental drift theory. He said that the continents floated atop the mantle-a heavier, denser layer of rocks deep within the earth

Evidence for continental drift. There are similar patterns of rocks on both sides of the Atlantic. There are similar fossils on both sides of the Atlantic - including the fossil remains of. Fossil Evidence. There are many examples of fossils found on separate continents and nowhere else, suggesting the continents were once joined. If Continental Drift had not occurred, the alternative explanations would be: The species evolved independently on separate continents - contradicting Darwin's theory of evolution..

Unit 8: Lesson 1: Continental Drift Q&A Flashcards Quizle

Alfred Wegener's fossil evidence for continental drift is shown on the cut-outs. 3. Try to logically piece the continents together so that they form a giant supercontinent. Use Wegener's fossil evidence to place them in the correct positions. 4. When you are satisfied with the 'fit' of the continents, glue or tape the land masses down on a piec Evidence for Plate Tectonics. There is variety of evidence that supports the claims that plate tectonics accounts for (1) the distribution of fossils on different continents, (2) the occurrence of earthquakes, and (3) continental and ocean floor features including mountains, volcanoes, faults, and trenches. The continents fit together almost. Which of the following provided evidence at first for the hypothesis of continental drift and later for the theory of plate tectonics? A. matching fossil remains B. indicators of climate change C. all of thes not show evidence Continental Drift Evidence - Select one of the following or differentiate by giving higher groups the mystery and the lower groups one of the maps o Continental Drift Mystery o Puzzling Continental Drift Evidence o Continental Drift Continents Map Age of Ocean Crust Activit

Chapter 5 Plate Tectonics Section 3 Drifting Continents

Continental Drift Geolog

• Wegener gathered evidence from different scientific fields to support his ideas about continental drift. • He studied landforms, fossils and evidence that showed how Earth's climate had changed over many millions of years. 4. EVIDENCE FROM LANDFORMS • Mountain ranges and other features on the continents provided evidence for. Continental drift was a revolutionary scientific theory developed in the years 1908-1912 by Alfred Wegener (1880-1930), a German meteorologist, climatologist, and geophysicist, that put forth the hypothesis that the continents had all originally been a part of one enormous landmass or supercontinent about 240 million years ago before breaking apart and drifting to their current locations Wegener used fossil evidence to support his continental drift hypothesis. The fos-sils of these organisms are found on lands that are now far apart. •Identical rocks, of the same type and age, are found on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. Wegener said the rocks had formed side by side and that the land had since moved apart sedimentary rock. Fossils help scientists learn about species from past times. Wegener collected fossil evidence to support his continental drift hypothesis. —from page 169 Monitor Apply It! Identify one para-graph that is difficult to understand. Discuss it with a partner to improve your understanding

5.5: Continental Drift - Geosciences LibreText

Continental Drift Reading Summary Objectives Be able to summarize the idea of from SCIENCE Environmen at Central York H EVIDENCE FOR CONTINENTAL DRIFT THEORY Experimentation/ Investigation: •Rock Formation •Fossils •Climate 5. PANGEA PUZZLE ACTIVITY G RO U P C L E A N E R S 1 0 M I N U T E S 6. • You will be piecing together a puzzle of the supercontinent Pangea based on fossil and rock evidence on the present day continents. • 1

What are the four pieces of evidence for continental drift

Part 1: A Controversial Theory •In a 1912 lecture, German born meteorologist Alfred Wegener proposed the idea of continental drift. •His idea came from 2 observations •The continents seem to fit together like a puzzle •Fossils of animals found on coasts of different continents also aligned Alfred Wegener by Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin, Bildid #10005753 Summarize Wegener's theory on continental drift and how the theory of plate tectonics relates to it Describe the theory of plate tectonics Explain the two major pieces of evidence that support. The theory of continental drift was the first step toward plate tectonic theory, which became the foundation upon which modern geology is built. This module describes how the work of Alfred Wegener, Harry Hess, and others led to our understanding of plate tectonics. It explains plate tectonics as the driving force behind ongoing changes on Earth - Provided additional fossil evidence for Continental drift Evidence for Continental Drift * Problems with the theory Wegener could not provide a convincing mechanism to demonstrate 'how' the continents could have moved. His ideas were largely ignored. Fig. 2.2, p. 3

Students will incorporate the evidence provided from rocks, ice cores, and fossils to conclude that Earth's life forms, climate, and surface have changed over time. Stu dents will sequence events in Earth's history according with the Geologic Time Scale and the evidence from rock layers What evidence did Alfred Wagener use to support his theory of continental drift? fossils,climate change,landforms What three kinds of evidence support wegner's theory that southamerica was at one. 9.2 Evaluate the evidence in support of continental drift. 9.3 Identify the main objections to Wegener's hypothesis of continental drift. Build Vocabulary Word Forms Before students read this section, ask them to write a sentence or two describing the meaning of the word drift. Then have them write a prediction for what they think continental. evidence to reconstruct how the Earth may have looked approximately 220 million years ago when Pangaea existed. Objective: Students will be able to explain how the evidence in rock layers, fossils, glaciers, and the continents shapes support Alfred Wegener's idea of Continental Drift. Vocabulary: Continental Drift- Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics, theory dealing with the dynamics of Earth's outer shell that revolutionized Earth sciences by providing a uniform context for understanding mountain-building processes, volcanoes, and earthquakes as well as the evolution of Earth's surface and reconstructing its past continents and oceans

The Evidence for Continental Drift 1. Puzzle Pieces 2. Fossil Records 3. Rock Strata (layers) The same layers are in the same order, of same age, (same climate), in areas separated by oceans. Wegener proposed that the rock layers were deposited when the continents were part of Pangaea When seafloor spreading data became available in the 1950s and 1960s, Wegener's ideas about continental movement were combined with this data to provide a more current model that explained crustal. Paleomagnetism, or palaeomagnetism, is the study of the record of the Earth's magnetic field in rocks, sediment, or archeological materials. Magnetic minerals in rocks can lock-in a record of the direction and intensity of the magnetic field when they form. This record provides information on the past behavior of Earth's magnetic field and the past location of tectonic plates 76. $2.99. PDF. In this activity students examine 7 lines of evidence in support for the theory of continental drift. Two modes of running this activity are included either assign teams to become expert groups and then teach the material to the entire class, or students can rotate through all the stations. Include and summary Continental Drift Study Guide Answer STUDY GUIDE Text Pages 294-297 Continental Drift Climate clues Plants Page 9/34. Access Free Continental Drift Study Guide Answer Key Fossil clues Rock clues... STUDY GUIDE Text Pages 304-313 Answer the questions on the lines provided. 15. Explain how Pangaea fits into Wegener's theory.